Textbook Notes (362,882)
Canada (158,081)
Psychology (9,549)
PSYC39H3 (201)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
David Nussbaum

Chapter 3: Psychology of Police investigations Police interrogation: a process whereby the police interview a suspect for the purpose of gathering evidence and obtaining a confession Reid model: a nine-step model of interrogation used frequently in North America to extract confessions from suspects o The suspect is immediately confronted with his or her guilt. If the police do not have any evidence against the suspect at this time, this fact can be hidden and, if necessary, the interrogator can pretend that such evidence exists o Psychological themes are then developed that allow the suspect to justify, rationalize, or excuse the crime. For example, a suspected rapist may be told that the victim must have been asking for it. o Any statements of denial by the suspect are interrupted by the interrogator to ensure the suspect does not get the upper hand in the interrogation o The interrogator overcomes the suspects objections to the charges to a point at which the suspect becomes quiet and withdrawn o Once the suspect has become withdrawn, the interrogator ensures that the suspect does not tune out of the interrogation by reducing the psychological distance between the interrogator and the suspect, such as by physically moving closer to the suspect o Sympathy and understanding are then exhibited by the interrogator and the suspect is urged to come clean. For example, the interrogator might try to appeal to the suspects sense of decency o The suspect is offered face-saving explanations for the crime, which makes self-incrimination easier to achieve o Once the suspect accepts responsibility for the crime (typically by agreeing with one of the face-saving explanations), the interrogator develops this admission into a full confession o Finally, the interrogator gets the suspect to write and sign a full confession Minimization techniques:
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