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Canada (158,391)
Psychology (2,948)
PSY100H1 (1,804)
Chapter 13

Chapter 13- Disorder of the Mind - Textbook Reading

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 13 - Disorder of the Mind and Body Psychopathology Disorder of the mind How are mental disorders conceptualized and classified? - Many behaviours that are considered normal in one setting might be considered deviant in other settings o In Asia Spirit talking to you consider a great honour, where in Canada it might considered to be auditory hallucinations o Criteria are important to consider in determining whether behaviour represents psychopathology deviate from cultural norms? Behaviour maladaptive? Behaviour causing the individual personal distress? - Mental Disorders are classified into Categories o To investigate the etiology (Factors that contributes to the development) and possible treatments of mental disorders need a way to group these disorders into meaningful categories o Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) classified psychopathology based on groups of symptoms that occurred together than presumed causes o Multiaxial system the system used in the DSM that provides assessment along five axes describing important mental health factors Axis 1 J clinical disorders and other conditions that may be a focus of clinical attention (e.g. schizophrenia) Axis 2 J mental retardation and personality disorders Axis 3 J general medical conditions that may be relevant to mental disorders (e.g. epilepsy) Axis 4 J psychosocial and environmental problems that might affect the diagnosis treatment and prognosis of mental disorders (e.g. legal problems .. etc.) Axis 5- global assessment of function scale rated from 1 to 100 (1 danger of hurting self or others or 100 meaning superior functioning in a wide range of areas) - Mental disorder must be assessed before diagnosis o Assessment K]L]}L}Z}L[ZKLoZ]L}}]agnose possible mental illness so that a diagnosis could be made for the appropriate treatment o The course and possible outcomes prognosis o Method of assessment sometimes depends on how a person comes in contact with mental health workers or in ER using mental status exam (evaluation of personal grooming, eye contact, tremors or twitches, mood, speech, thought content, memory) o First step clinical interview Zl}Z}L[Z }L]]}LLZ ZZZ distress Interviewer must express empathy, build rapport quick, and non judgemental - Structured vs. unstructured interview o Unstructured interview topics of discussion varying as the interview probes different Z }Z o]L] ]L[Z}oK Guided by past experience and beliefs N Flexible but idiosyncratic no two unstructured interviews are likely to reveal same information too dependent on the interviewer www.notesolution.com
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