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Chapter 1

Psy100h1 Textbook notes chapter1 part1

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Study of Music Western major modepositive moods minor modeslow temposad moodsEmotional response learned rather than innate since very young children do not discriminate between modesNeurochemical level of analysis o Pleasant music associated with increased serotonin which is known to be relevant to moodBrainsystems level analysis o Processing of musical info is similar to general auditory processing but uses different brain mechanisms Amusia brain injury that causes patients to lose the ability to recognized even familiar tunesSome lost the ability to hear tonesmelody but not speech or environmental soundsThere are specific brain regions responsible for processing of musicAnecdotal reports of musical expertise running in families like BachMight be due to inborn ability to develop absolute pitch also called perfect pitch Depends on both genes and musical experience during childhoodWilhelm Wundt Established first psychology lab and institute in Leipzig Regarded as founder of experimental psychology as an academic disciplineExperimental psychology begins with structuralismTo study the mind gave subjects two psychological tasks one simple one complex o Measure speed at which they completed tasks o Infer how much time a particular mental event took to occurwanted to measure conscious experiences developed method of introspection o A systematic examination of subject mental experiences that require people to inspect and report on the content of their thoughtseg describe blueness of sky contemplate objects Edward TitchenerTrained by Wundt used introspection to make new school of thought structuralismIdea that conscious experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components or elementso Understanding these elements proved basis to understanding mindArgued that take stimulus like musical tone and by introspection analyze quality intensity duration clarity o Wundt rejected this use of introspection
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