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Psychology (2,948)
PSY100H1 (1,804)
Chapter 13

chapter 13

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 13 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) - A handbook of clinical disorders used for diagnosing psychopathology. Multiaxial system is based on the growing realization that mental health is affected by a variety of factors. - used in the DSM that provides assessment along five axes describing important mental health factors. Neuropsychological testing A client is asked to perform certain actions such as copying a picture, drawing a design from memory, sorting cards Psychological testing - Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Causes of Mental Disorders 1. Psychological factors - Family systems model: A diagnostic model that considers symptoms within an individual as indicating problems within the family. - Socioculutral model: A diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of the interaction between individuals and their cultures 2. Cognitive-Behavioral factors - Cognitive-behavioral approach: A diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of learned, maladaptive cognitions. It interferes with some important aspect of their lives 3. Biological factors - Genetics contribute to mental illness - may cause it from prenatal problems such as maternal illness, malnutritions 4. Diathesis-stress model: A diagnostic model that proposes that a disorder may develop when an underlying vulnerability is coupled with a precip
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