Textbook Notes (363,185)
Canada (158,247)
Sociology (1,479)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Crust (4)
Chapter 4

chapter 4

16 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George

Chapter 4: A DRAMATURGICAL LOOK AT INTERVIEWING Dramaturgy and Interviewing Dramaturgythe stream of symbolic interaction o Dramais a mode of symbolic action in which individuals act symbolically (actors) for others who watch symbolically (audience) o The symbolic action between actor and audiencesocial performance o Interviewing perceived as a social performance by symbolic interactionists The premise that interviewing is best accomplished if guided by a dramaturgical model Types of Interviews The Standardized Interviewformal designed to elicit information using a set of predetermined questions that are expected to elicit the subjects thoughts, opinions, and attitudes o most formally structured o no deviations from question order o wording of each question asked exactly as written o no adjusting level of language o no clarifications or answering or questions about the interview o no additional questions may be added o similar in format to a pencil-and-paper survey The Unstandardized Interview informal www.notesolution.com the researchers do not know in advance what all the necessary questions arethe interviewer must develop questions appropriate to each given situations o completely unstructured o no set order to any questions o no set wording to any questions o level of language may be adjusted o interviewer may answer questions and make clarifications o interviewer may add or delete questions between interviews permit researchers to gain additional information about various phenomena they might observe by asking questions may be used in field research The Semistandardized Interviewsomewhere between formal and informal implementation of a number of predetermined questions in a systematic order, but the interviewers are allowed to digress o more or less structured o questions may be reordered during the interview o wording of questions flexible o level of language may be adjusted o interviewer may answer questions and make clarifications o interviewer may add or delete probes to interview between subsequent subjects The Interview Schedule www.notesolution.com the determination of data-gathering technique for the interview (the type of questions) o E.g. a survey questionnaire vs. open-ended interview The determination of the structure o E.g. structured vs. unstructured When determining what type of interview format to use, you must consider the kinds of questions you want to ask and the sorts of answers you expect to receive Schedule Development The determination of the nature of the investigation and the objectives of the research Outlinelisting of the categories relevant to topic Development of questions Question Order (Sequencing), Content, and Style 1. Beginning with easy questions which are not sensitive or threatening o E.g. demographic questions such as date of birth, location of residence, ethnicity, religious preferences 2. More important questions for the study topic (not the most sensitive)the questions should stick to a single concept or topic 3. More sensitive questions can follow (those related to the initiated topic) 4. Validating questions (questions restating important or sensitive questions, worded differently than previously asked) www.notesolution.com 5. The next important topic or conceptual area of questions (these may include the more or most sensitive questions) 6. Repeat step 3. and 4, and so on o Each time you change from one topical area to another, use some sort of transitione.g. okay, now what Id like to do is ask some questions about... o 4 types of questions should be included in the survey instrument: essential questions, extra questions, throwaway questions, and probing questions Essential Questions Concern the central focus of the study For eliciting specific desired information o E.g. study of drinking patterns in the Jewish community: Has anyone in the family ever thought anyone else drank too much? Extra Questions Questions roughly equivalent to certain essential ones but worded slightly differently In order to check on the reliability of responses or to measure the possible influence a change of wording might have Throw-Away Questions Frequently at the beginning of the interview May be essential demographic questions or general questions to develop rapport between interviewers and subjects Unnecessary for gathering the important information The additional purpose of cooling out the subjectwhen a sensitive area has been entered (so, can be used to change the line of questions) www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for SOC101Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.