Chapter 12 Schools and Formal Education.docx

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9 Apr 2012
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Chapter 12 Schools and Formal Education
Functionalist
Latent and manifest functions
Manifest function is to give all students basic literacy and numeracy
Universities liberal arts curriculum prepares people to be informed citizens, professional
curriculum valuable members of workforce
Critical Theory
Latent functions, schools house unemployed young people
Hidden curriculum: teaches students their ‘proper’ place in society
Not to give students human capital and skills but to train obedience
Meritocratic system teaches students to be accountable for their work
Symbolic Interactionism
Teaches people how to dress and behave to fit their roles (ex. Doctors, lawyers)
Jencks and Reiman points out that colleges are trending towards research-based and neglecting
undergraduate teaching
Education system works like funnel, top colleges receive top students from high school, and so
on
Colleges without heavy research, all PhD faculty, and specialized curriculum are labeled sub-par
Meritocracy: system where reward is related to accomplishments and every person and equal
chances
The Adolescent Society by Coleman finds that academic achievement is not as important as
looks and athletic ability
Teenage subculture in schools follow different sets of rules from adult world
Industrialization separated adult and adolescents, adolescents formed standards which deviate
from boring, meaningless adult standards
Streaming’s advantages includes allowing students to advance according to abilities, and reduce
failures, making teaching easier and more efficient
Streaming’s disadvantage is basically the notion that it keeps the weaker students down, when
they might just be a late developer or bad performer of the testing system
Crestwood Heights study by Seeley shows that schools teach traditional values of competition
and hard work with emphasis on educational credentials, creating tension between students,
parents, and teachers
Research shows bullies tend to exhibit anti-social behaviors as an adult, with bullying originating
from hostile neglectful parents
Schools bring together large groups of people, children want to make friends and form bonds
Erik Erikson’s human development stages: 4 and 5 are the latency and adolescent stages which
see the child learn many new skills and separate more and more from family
James Coleman did a report which studied the equality of education in America
Coleman interested in how schools provide students with culture and social capital
“Catholic school effect”: where students from catholic schools has more social capital and will
perform better academically