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ch 4 in depth interviews.docx

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CH4 Indepth InterviewsChapter summaryinterviews are a particular kind of conversation and are probably the most common source of qualitative data for health researchers Selecting interviews as the method of choice involves considering both the nature of data produced in interviews in general and reflexively accounting for the specific context of the study in terms of how this shapes the data generated The issue of language is central in all qualitative work and is particularly explicit in crosscultural settings The chapter concludes with suggestions for dealing with practical issues interviewers need to consider including sampling decisionsIntroductionthe interview is the most widely used method of producing data in qualitative health researchin essence an interview is a conversation that is directed more or less towards the researchers particular needs for dataAt one end of such a scale is the structured interview which schedules the kind of data produced quite tightly In this type of interview the interviewer must follow a specified set of questions in a specified order for each interview to generate comparable answers from each respondent They are typically used in survey designsAt the other end of this scale informal interviews are much more like natural conversations that happen fortuitously in the field in which data are gathered opportunistically Perhaps the most commonly used interview types in qualitative health research are between these extremes in the form of what are variously called semi structured in depth or narrative interviewsin a semistructured interview the researcher sets the agenda in terms of the topics covered but the interviewees responses determine the kinds of information produced about those topics and the relative importance of each of them an indepth interview is one that allows the interviewee enough time to develop their own accounts of the issues important to themin a narrative interview the researchers aim is to facilitate the interviewee in telling their story There has been an increasing interest in narrative in health research both in terms of the stories people tell about their health and illness and as an analytic device to make sense of data as narrativeThe Research Interviewin depth ionterveiws To probe the interviewer cannot be stonily impersonal he or she has to give something of himself or herself in order to merit an open responseits a craft Skills take time to developA word on languagein qualitative research language is centralit is the most common data form that reserachers produce first in oral form then written as transcriptions or as excerpts in reports of qualitative workAt the same time though language is method it is the strategy by which theough interviewing data are producedin qualitative work then language is central as both method and data and basic consideration is how we are to treat the language data that are producedfor language is fundamental to human understanding to how we make sense of and shape the world around usthe ways in which we can think about language reflect the broad theoretical approaches to qualitative research outlined in CH1
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