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Thorgood Ch 8.docx

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Thorgood Ch 8Chapter summaryanalysis of qualitative data relies on both rigor and imagination In health research qualtitaive researchers increasingly expected to report their methods of analysis in a transparent way This chapter focuses on methods to improve rigor and introduces three approaches to analysis common in health research thematic content analysis grounded theory framework analysis Strategies for improving reliability and validity of analysis are discussedApproaches to analysisthe interpretations made by the researcher have to be credible and the links between the empirical data and the claims made about them clearStyles of analysisthere is a broad range of approaches to analysis in qualitiative research with the task of the researcher defined rather differently across that rangein health research there are ysyally requirments to be explicit about how the data were analyzed and how the stories or other material are selected interpreted and organizedboradly the aims of most qualitative analysis are to both reflect the complexity of the phenomena studied and to present the underlying structure that make sense of that complexitythe task of the researcher is thuse a dual way of telling the story from the point of view of the research participants and unpacking that story in some way such that the broader meanings can be elicitedRelating analysis to the aims of the studyat a general level analysis might aim for some of the following outcomesdeveloping conceptual definitionsdeveloping typologies and classificationsexploring associations between attitudes behaviors and experiencesdeveloping explanations of phenomenagenerating new ideas and theoriesThematic content analysisthe most basic type of qualitative analysis in an analysis of the content of the data to categorize the recurrent or common themes This is perhaps the most common approach used in qualitative research reported in health journals and aims to report the key elemtns of respondents accountsit is essentially a comparative process by which the various accounts gathered are compared with each other to classify those themes that recur or are common in the data setcoding schemes can be developed by looking through the early data to identify the key themes and how they will be labeledeverything should be reviewed by a partner or colleague since its a lot of opinionthematic analysis is also the basis of more sophisticated qualitative analysis in which the researcher moves beyond simply categorizing and coding the data to thinking about how the codes relate to each other and asking more complex questionsA good qualitative analysis should also say something about social life as well as what participants say about it It should provide a thick rich description of the setting studied link into theory and provide a satisfying and credible account of what is going Two potential ways of developing a deeper analysis of qualitative data are grounded theory and framework analysis
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