SOC246H1 Chapter Notes -Ageism, Economic Surplus, Air Traffic Controller

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4 Mar 2013
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Men have higher rate of partnership but drops off as age increase
compare to women the number of partnering women drops off right at the middle by 65
“” only 50% people are partnered
gendered related differences and sexual – read !!! on exam
Lecture – march 7 2012
Work, employment and retirement
main topics today
basic concepts and models describing aging employment and the life course
what are some of the challenges faced by older workers
retirement
Basic concepts
employment vs. Work
Compression of employment
employment is more compressed now
people were educated and relative short period of retirement (past)
expansion of education – getting higher degrees
retirement is getting younger – actualy period of employment is shorter
people are living longer but working shorter periods (exit labour force)
1950s (education) (employment) () <- retirement
current (education)(employment) ( retirement )
Labour market vs. Labour force
demand or employ for specific set of skills - available of supplies of employees
labour force
lower participation of older adults in europe
The greying of the Canadian labour force
currently workers 55+ make up 15% of the canadian workforce; workers 60 + make up nearly 9
% of the workforce
9.5 million baby bommers expect to retire in the next 20 years or so
policy considerations
a) strategic plans to recruit or retain workers in specific sectors and occupations
b) retraining older workers- training programs that keeps them updated
c) restructuring pension plans to help older workers delay retirement or return to work – making it
more appealing to stay in the labour force
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d) adapting workplaces to aging labour fore and dealing directly with age discrimination
II. The occupational life cycle model
the idea that there is a set time for finishing education, starting a career hitting milestones and
promotion and retiring
note: clearly premised on the work life of men (traditional)
the occupational lfe cycle model increasingly challenged ( see Ekerdt's essay)
- why?
mergers and acquisitions
out- sourcing and foreign competition : many jobs are disappearing and
manufacturing is no longer done in the local area
job automation
Increasingly the economy favours a contingent labour force
- an advantage to people who are flexible, can identify opportunities and are not nailed down to a single
firm - apply to wide sector of the economy
de- standardization of the occupational life cycle: are multiple careers a solution?
Training/education --> employment ---> training/education
the problem of structural lag (matilda riley)
- problem with institution they are not suited to the life course needs – a mismatch
- e.g. University : haven't really solve a effective way to influence people that return for higher
education
- institution in the past does not help with the new cohorts that are developing - there is always a time
lag
III. Older workers in the modern labour market
key question: what are some of the challenges that older workers* face?
important disclaimer: “ older worker” is a problematic term
A. Labour market (macro economic) issues
B. Attitudes and stereotypes about older adult's skills and employability
A. labour market issues
Basic economic might suggest that the value of older workers is a matter of supply and demand.
Fo instance how many younger workers are in the workforce?
Does his mean that we can simply project the demand for older workers by the number of
younger people entering the labour force?
- of course not. The number and type of jobs is always in flux, and people do not sort randomly into
available jobs
- due to cohorts
older workers tend to be disproportionately:
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Document Summary

Men have higher rate of partnership but drops off as age increase. Compare to women the number of partnering women drops off right at the middle by 65. Gendered related differences and sexual read !!! on exam. Basic concepts and models describing aging employment and the life course. What are some of the challenges faced by older workers. People were educated and relative short period of retirement (past) Expansion of education getting higher degrees. Retirement is getting younger actualy period of employment is shorter. People are living longer but working shorter periods (exit labour force) 1950s (education) (employment) () <- retirement current (education)(employment) ( retirement ) Labour market vs. labour force demand or employ for specific set of skills - available of supplies of employees labour force. Lower participation of older adults in europe. Currently workers 55+ make up 15% of the canadian workforce; workers 60 + make up nearly 9.

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