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Chapter 5

Geography 2460F/G Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Centrality, Megacity, Effective Competition


Department
Geography
Course Code
GEOG 2460F/G
Professor
Godwin Arku
Chapter
5

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Chapter 5 Urbanization in the Less Developed Countries
The most significant aspect of recent world urbanization is the dramatic difference in
trends and projections between the more developed countries and the less developed
countries
International division of labour that underpins this relationship fundamentally influenced
the patterns and processes of urbanization in the less developed countries
A pressing problem today for people in many less developed countries is a process of
overurbanization in which cities are growing more rapidly than jobs and housing
Chapter Preview
Urban population increasing at almost twice the general population growth rate in the less
developed countries
Urbanization in the less developed countries has resulted from demographic growth that
preceded economic development
"Underdevelopment" in the less developed countries
Colonization and the Industrial Revolution created unprecedented concentrations of
people in cities that were connected in networks and hierarchies of interdependence around
the world
oMercantile colonialism; industrial colonialism; late colonialism; early
independence; neocolonialism; and globalization and neoliberalism
Overurbanization: cities grow more rapidly than jobs and housing
Urbanization Trends and Projections: The Less Developed Countries in Global Context
In 2010, the world's urban population reached nearly 3.5 billion and it is expected to rise
to almost 6.3 billion by 2050
US and CA is most urbanized region, with over 82%
Africa 40% and Asia 42% are least urbanized
By 2050, more than 69% of world population is expected to be urbanized
Since 1950, the world's urban population has increased nearly fivefold, with the bulk of
growth in the world's less developed regions
Less developed regions, urban population is expected to rise over 5 billion or nearly 83%
of world's urban population by 2050
From a region of villages, Asia is quickly becoming a region of towns and cities
oChina: Chinese government not only relaxed enforcement of its residency laws
but drafted plans to establish over 430 new cities
Despite low rates of urbanization, developed countries is still expected to rise to 86%
urban
Levels of urbanization are also very high in many of the world's newly industrializing
economies (NIEs)
Rates of urban growth are high
Many of very largest metropolitan areas are growing at annual rates of 4% or more each
year
Factors Promoting Urban Growth
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