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Canada (162,366)
Shauna Burke (133)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4- Weight Management Textbook

2 Pages
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Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Professor
Shauna Burke

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CHAPTER 4: Weight Management Subcutaneous Fat: fat just beneath the skin, critical for normal body functioning visceral fat: the fat inside the abdominal wall and around the internal organs; excess lead to increase risk for meta- bolic syndrome, CVD and insulin resistance ectopic fat: the fat located on within organs such as the liver, heart and brain, increases the risk for metabolic syn- drome, CVD and stroke % body fat: the total body weight that is composed of fat overweight: body weight that falls above the recommended range for good health obesity: the condition of having an excess of non essential body fat, BMI of 30 greater, body fat greater than 25% for men and 33% for women BMI: a measure of relative weight that takes height into account and is highly correlated with more direct measures of body fat; calculated by dividing total body weight (in kg) by square of height ( in meters) Body image: the mental representation a person holds about his or her body at nay given moment in time i.e. per- ceptions, images, thoughts, attitudes and emotions about the body female athlete triad: a condition consisting of 3 interrelated disorder: abnormal eating patterns and excessive, exer- cising lack of menstrual periods (amenorrhea) and decreased bone density amenorrhea: the absence of menstruation resting metabolic rate: the energy required to maintain a vital body functions including respiration, heart rate, body temp, bp while body is at rest. eating disorder: a serious disturbance in eating patterns/ eating related behavior, characterized by a negative body image and concerns about body weight/fat anorexia nervosa: an eating disorder characterized bu a refusal to maintain body weight at a minimally healthy lev- el and an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat; self starvation purging: the us of vomiting, laxatives, excessive exercise, restrictive dieting, enemas, diuretics or diet pills to com- pensate for food that has been eaten and that the person fears will produce weight bulimia nervosa: an eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating and purging- over eating and then using compensatory behaviors, such as vomiting, laxatives and excessive exercise to prevent weight gain. binge eating disorder: an eating disorder characterized by binge eating and a lack of control over eating behavior in general Diabetes prevalence is lowest in BC, Alberta and Quebec and highest in Newfoundland, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick more than 240,000 canadians have type 1 diabetes ( the pancreas produces little or no insulin so daily dosages are required, occur when body immune system is triggered by viral infection/ environmental factor that destroy the in- sulin producing cells great rise to 5 - 9 years old, 3-5% incidence rate increases type 2 diabetes = remaining population, relevance is rising dramatically, can develop slowly, 25% of them are un- aware, in type 2 = the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, cells are resistant to it or both usually diagnosed age over 40, 10X increase in type 2 diabetes in children past 20 years, 1/3 of people with type 2 diabetes = take insulin, others take medication ( that increase the production of insulin/stimulate glucose uptake) gestational diabetes- in women during pregnancy, usually disappears after pregnancy, > 1/2 experience it and de- velop type 2 diabetes, rates vary from non aboriginal population and aboriginal population, older canadians are more likely to develop diabetes too - overall
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