Textbook Notes (368,389)
Canada (161,858)
Psychology (4,891)
Chapter 8

chapter 8.doc

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Psychology 2040A/B
Ian Mac Donald

Chapter 8: Cognitive Development: Info-Processing Perspective and Connectionism -answer discussion questions 1) multistore model ** proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin -process of information processing -sense something- put in the storage, retrieve it later -unique: idea that diff types of memory might have their separate stores 2) what is meta-cognition and why is it important -consciously monitoring what youre learning -important because to gain insight into what works and what doesnt 3) describe memory strategies and why are these believed to support memory -chunking (numbers- dates) **4) how do scripts influence our remembering and forgetting -frame work that organizes what to happen -put things together -meaningfully connect -give us order Understand schemas and scripts -scripts (develop social scripts to help predict) -how expectations influence our remembering and forgetting -memory is organic- it changes -store 1 hundred trillion bits of info -memorizes syllables that required no previous learning, tried to memorize a list by distracting himself by learning other lists -Edinghouse- got rid of meaningful memory- no meaning, order of organization -60s- information processor like a computer -first input must be encoded then it must be stored in short or long term memory and finally must be retrieved on demand when needed -long term memory is essentially unlimited -short term memory is the working memory holds all memory currently in use -only small amount can be held -can only be held for a short amount of time (new pushes out old) -can only store from 5-9 items with average of 7 -held for longer if no distractions -hold more when we apply patterns “chunking” -freud: repression-ego pushes things we don’t want to remember into the unconscious -constructive process of remembering -how and what you remember is determined by who you are and what you already know -schemas: preconceptions about people, concepts, situations.. (office experiment: remembered things that are typically in offices) -memory- central nervous system -engrams: -procedural knowledge set -semantic/declarative set -episodic set (memory of personal experience) -Lachey: rats learn mazes then took out pieces of cerebral cortex -memory not localized in one aspect of brain -Thompson work with rabbits and classical conditioning and eye blinking -learned response to the tone- when hear a tone, they blink as a response -classical eye blinking conditioning and link with Alzheimers -as more cortex is lost so is memory Chapter 8: Info Pro
More Less

Related notes for Psychology 2040A/B

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.