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Chapter 14

HR - Chapter 14.docx

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Steve Risavy

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Chapter 14: Occupational Health and Safety Occupational Health and Safety Legislation – laws intended to protect the health and safety of workers by minimizing work-related accidents and illnesses All provinces, territories, and the federal jurisdiction have occupational health and safety legislation. In all jurisdictions, employers are responsible for taking every reasonable precaution to ensure the health and safety of their workers. This is called the “due diligence” requirement. In all Canadian jurisdictions, occupational health and safety law provides for government inspectors to periodically carry out safety inspections of workplaces. Health and safety inspectors have wide powers to conduct inspections any place at any time without a warrant or prior notification and may engage in any examination and inquiry that they believe necessary to ascertain the workplace is in compliance with the law. Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) – a Canada-wide, legally mandated system designed to protect workers by providing information about hazardous materials in the workplace The WHMIS legislation has three components: 1. Labelling of hazardous material containers to alert workers that there is a potentially hazardous product inside 2. Material safety data sheets (MSDS) to outline a product’s potentially hazardous ingredients and the procedures for safe handling of the product 3. Employee training to ensure that employees can identify WHMIS hazard symbols and read/apply the information on an MSDS What Causes Accidents? 1. Chance Occurrences – contribute to accidents but are more or less beyond management’s control 2. Unsafe Conditions – defective equipment, hazardous procedures around machines 3. Unsafe Acts – (by employees) operating at unsafe speeds, lifting improperly How to Prevent Accidents? 1. Reduce Unsafe Conditions - employer’s first line of defence - safety engineers can design jobs to remove or reduce physical hazards - supervisors/managers play a role in reducing unsafe conditions by ensuring that employees wear personal protective equipment 2. Reduce Unsafe Acts a) Selection Testing b) Top-Management Commitment c) Training and Education d) Positive Reinforcement Contro
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