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Textbook Notes for Welch

SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Ketone, Aldehyde

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4 Nov 2019
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SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter 8: Chapter 8 Reading Notes

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4 Nov 2019
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SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter Notes - Chapter 17: Alpha-Ketoglutaric Acid, Succinic Acid, Glycolysis

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6 Nov 2019
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SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Thymine, Archaea, Cytosine

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4 Nov 2019
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SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Proteome

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4 Nov 2019
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SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Adenylyl Cyclase, Diglyceride, Glycerol

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18 Dec 2016
1
3 stages of processing lipid energy reserves (cid:3843). Lipid mobilization | triacylglycerol fatty acids + glycerol. Hormones: epinephrine, glucagon (
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SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Acetyl-Coa Carboxylase, Malonyl-Coa, Propionyl-Coa

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18 Dec 2016
0
Synthesized by fatty acid synthase in liver and adipose tissue. Sequential addition of 2-c units derived from acetyl coa. Normally, adult humans do not
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SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Malonyl-Coa, Malate Dehydrogenase, Acyl Carrier Protein

OC3367674 Page
18 Dec 2016
1
Acetyl coa formed from pyruvate in mitochondria fatty acid synthesis in cytoplasm. Citrate + atp + coa + h2o = acetyl coa + adp + p + oxaloacetate. Tra
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SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Propionyl-Coa, Acyl Coa Dehydrogenase, Methylmalonyl-Coa

OC3367674 Page
18 Dec 2016
5
2 additional enzymes needed: isomerase and reductase (can reduce any polyunsaturated fatty acid) Oxidation of palmitoleate palmitoleoyl coa 3 cycles of
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SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Acetyl-Coa, Pyruvate Carboxylase, Pyruvate Dehydrogenase

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18 Dec 2016
1
Formed from acetyl coa (fatty acid oxidation) when fat breakdown predominates (not enough carbs) Acetyl coa (fatty acid oxidation) enters the cac only
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SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Adipose Tissue, Subcutaneous Tissue, Intestinal Epithelium

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18 Dec 2016
0
Amphipathic: long hydrocarbon chain with terminal carboxylate group. 4 physiological roles: fuel molecules: stored as triacylglycerols (triglycerides/n
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SYRACUSEBCM 475WelchFall

BCM 475 Chapter Notes - Chapter 27: Branched-Chain Amino Acid, Acetyl-Coa Carboxylase, Adipose Tissue

OC3367674 Page
18 Dec 2016
2
Insulin = fed state | glucagon = starved state. Starved-fed cycle | 3 stages to maintain glucose homeostasis: well-fed state after meal, early fasting
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