SPC 255 Chapter Notes - Chapter Chapter 7: Auditory Processing Disorder, Information Processing, Phonics

64 views2 pages
24 Apr 2017
Amy Louie
Hardman, 11th ed.
Chapter 7
Study Questions with Answers
1. What is the definition of learning disabilities?
Learning disability is a condition in which one or more of the basic psychological processes
involved in understanding or using language are deficient.
2. What is the intelligence level of students with learning disabilities?
People with learning disabilities usually have average or near average intelligence, although
learning disabilities can occur all intelligence levels. People with learning disabilities achieve
at unexpectedly low levels, particularly in reading and mathematics.
3. What is meant when we say that the term learning disabilities is a generic label that represents a
heterogeneous group?
The term learning disabilities has become a generic term representing a very heterogeneous
group of conditions that range from mild to severe in intensity.
4. What are the two different theoretical views of learning disabilities?
The first one is perceptual motor theories, this emphasizes an interaction between various
channels of perception and motor activity. Children with learning disabilities are seen
having unreliable and unstable perceptual-motor abilities, which present challenged when
such children encounter activities that require an understanding of time and space. The
other theory is language disability theory. This concentrates on a child’s reception of
production of language and emphasized on the relationship between learning disabilities
and language deficiencies.
5. What are discrepancy approaches to classification as learning disabled based upon?
Discrepancy approaches to classification are based on the notion that there’s is an
identifiable gap between intelligence and achievement in particular areas, such as reading,
math, and language.
6. What is the exclusion approach to classification as learning disabled based upon?
Exclusion approach reflects the idea that the learning disabilities cannot be due to selected
other conditions.
7. What is the basic concept of RTI?
The basic concept of RTI is empirically based decision making that is, determining
intervention success on the basis of data reflecting the student’s performance.
8. What does comorbidity research investigate?
Comorbidity research investigates the degree to which youngsters exhibit evidence of
multiple disabilities or conditions (such as learning disabilities and communication
disorders, or personality disorders).
9. How long do Goldstein and Waber suggest that learning disabilities persist?
Goldstein and Waber suggest that these challenges usually persist from the primary grades
through the end of formal schooling, including college.
10. What is the definition of information processing?
Information processing is a model used to study the way people acquire, remember, and
manipulate information.
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