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POLI 3311 (5)


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Dalhousie University
Political Science
POLI 3311
Peter Arthur

Nature of Africa: - Kingdoms - Contact with other parts of the world (trade routes) - Rural than urban - Ethnic: Ethnicity was fluid - weren’t strict identities; malleable - Religion: Islam, traditional religions - Gender: women had more political rights; introduction of European patriarchal society changed that - Categories: cattle farmers, hunters/gatherers, fishing communities, urban areas Homelands Act (South Africa) - each ethnicity would get their own homeland Europeans: - first contact around 1471 by the Portuguese - 1502 - Atlantic slave trade - 1807, abolition of slavery - Slavery replaced by legitimate commerce; more profitable to trade with Africans than dealing in the slave trade; Enlightenment values - 1884-1885 - “Scramble for Africa”/Berlin Conference Consequences of Colonialism: - Brought it into the world economy - Primary products (promotion of primary products; imported manufactured items) - Subordinate partners, which contributed to underdevelopment - Subsistence economy - Export-driven infrastructure; not built out of good will but to help their export driven economy - Local entrepreneurial class; absence after colonialism - state takes on the role of entrepreneur. Needs capital to start up in the first place - Became a ‘dumping ground’ market Dependency Theory - Political: - Lack of leadership - Art
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