PSY 1102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Posttraumatic Growth, Panic Disorder, Fear Conditioning
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Friday, November 1st 2019
Perspectives on Psychological Disorders
• Key elements: defining, understanding and classifying when it comes to psychological
• Where does the line draw regarding a normality and a disorder?
• He places emphasis on disturbances of cognition, emotional regulation and behavior.
• View the imitation game on slide 8
• To be indicative of a disorder a person needs to be in “distress”
• In this case, think of the bell curve of normality and standard deviations.
• Been difficult to cope with unusual behavior for the last millennium because there are so
many ambiguities regarding its reality.
• Mind-body issue.
• Madness is not a form of demon possession but an illness of the mind. Chain of
isolation, leading to freedom and speak their minds (Pinel).
• This model places emphasis on the vocabulary used to describe the disorder and the
• Places emphasis on the social-cognitive perspective regarding personality.
• May be due to the environment, culture as factors playing a role.
• View slide 15 for model.
• Made more accessible and comprehensible when it is organized, alphabetically, through
• Doing so, can help with future of the disorder, suggest treatment options, find the root
• The first step is to NAME the disorder then describe it. Remember that biases and
assumptions may play an influence here.
• DSM-V (slide 18-19-20).
• Categories are also important, and it must be reliable, identifiable from one professional
• Generally, categories occur when doctors answer a series of objective questions about
behaviour that is observable. Inter-reliability among clinicians is important here along
with field trials.