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Lecture

Lecture 2

by OC48

Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC23H3
Professor
Jason Ramsay

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Lecture 2 – Jan 18/11- The Ecological model of child development
-Three approaches to understanding development:
oJean Piaget
oLev Vygotsky
Some claim to be opposite of Piaget
oBowlby and Attachment Theory
-Will outline Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological approach to understanding child development,
which is best suited tour project of linking macro variables to child outcomes.
-Tiger mom = Asian mom who was very strict on her children
-Mormon mothers = highest rate of anti-depressants, expect to marry young and have
multiple children, cant work outside of home even with university education
Jean Piaget
-Swiss philosopher- scientist
oNever associated himself with psychology
-The most influential development psychologist
oFreud as well, but mostly with adults
oPiaget talked mainly to his own children
oAll this theory are testable and proven with certain modification, cant make the
same claims with Freud
-Believed in “genetic epistemology” as an approach to understanding development
-Thought that children were little thought-sacks
-Did research in the nature of childhood, now research is based on individual bases
-Theory of mind = ego-centralism
oHe believed X because he thought Y
oState of mind
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o3 years – live in landscape of actions not conscience
Will always believe the fire fighters will come even when there is no fire
-Was a constructivist : He thought that were use thoughts like building blocks.
Piaget and Cognitive Development
-Children actively participate in their own development
-scientists in the crib”
oMake hypothesis about their environments and then they test it out
oThey notice change in their environment can be tested by skin conductions
-Construct their understanding of the world through hypothesis testing
-The basic processes of development are:
oOrganization
oAdaptation
Assimilation/Accommodation
-It is the basis f how we organize our world
-This forms the basis of how we develop cognitively thoughtout life
oholding in mind” important to cognition
oHaving two thoughts at once
-...........
Assimilation:
-Your receive information about the world
-You assess the info
-It fits with your pre existing theory
-No need to change your theory
Accommodation
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-You receive information about the world
-You assess the information
-It does not fit with your pre-existing theory
-You change your theory
Schemas
-A schema is a mental model of an aspect of the world
-We operate though our schemas
-Schemas can be scripts, plan and goals
-Schemas are dynamic and continually updated thought assim/accom
-Schemas are visual and verbal
-The higher the stage of development, the greater and schema
-Filter on the world a way of organizing information
oWhen we have a change of mood, we can tell the changes in the environments alot
better then we can notice changes in the our thoughts
othought diary” – to help identify thoughts before mood change
oAutomatic thoughts, core beliefs
-Schema is also used as term in the Cognitive Therapy literature
-Famous inventor of cognitive therapy, Aaron T. Beck called schemas:
o“a cognitive structure for screening. Coding and evaluating the stimuli that
impinge on the organism..
o..........
Sensorimotor stage
-Child begins to coordinate her body and senses
-Develops from instinctive reactions toward the beginnings of symbolic thought at the end
of the stage
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