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Lecture 2

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies

Lecture2: Outline - 3 approaches to understanding development. - Jean Piaget - Lev Vygotsky - Bowlby & Attachment theory - Outline Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological approach understanding child development. - Psycho development: Jean Piaget: - Swiss philosopher scientist. - Believed as “genetic epistemology”- understanding development. - Most influential developmental psychologist. - 3 kids. He thought that children were “little thought- sacks” - He did research in nature of childhood. - Theory of mind- Ecocentrism (False belief task- he did X because he believed Y) Trait description- He did X because he is lazy. - 3 years old don’t have the concept. [Emily & calling fire department story]. They live in the concept of action. Piaget & Cognitive Development: - He was separating by concept. Children actively participate in their own development. - “Scientist in the crib” - They look at the environment [observe] & make hypothesis. - Little children have hypothesis. THey notice. They organize their experience. - Basic processes of development are: *Organization *Adaptation Assimilation/Accommodation: - Assimilation: You receive information about the world. You assess the information. It fits with your pre-existing theory. No need to change your theory. - Accommodation: Your receive information about the world. YOu assess the information. It does not fit with your pre-existing theory. You change your theory. Taking a pre-existing theory & accommodating it. - 1 person’s assimilation can be the other person’s accommodation. Becomes more profound. - Assimilation/ Accommodation: - Basis of how we organize the world. Forms of how we develop cognitively. Schemas: - Schema: It is a mental model of an aspect of the world. - Operate through schemas. It can be scripts, plans & goals. - It is used in Cognitive Therapy Literature - FIlters the world cognitive information. - Automatic thoughts helps to get schemas on believes. Sensorimotor stage: - Children began to coordinate her body & senses. - “They own their feet” reach out for things. Pre-Operational Stage: - Children develop language skills. Represent through symbols. - May learn expression but would no
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