- 3 approaches to understanding development.
- Jean Piaget
- Lev Vygotsky
- Bowlby & Attachment theory
- Outline Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological approach understanding child development.
- Psycho development:
- Swiss philosopher scientist.
- Believed as “genetic epistemology”- understanding development.
- Most influential developmental psychologist.
- 3 kids. He thought that children were “little thought- sacks”
- He did research in nature of childhood.
- Theory of mind- Ecocentrism (False belief task- he did X because he believed Y) Trait
description- He did X because he is lazy.
- 3 years old don’t have the concept. [Emily & calling fire department story]. They live in
the concept of action.
Piaget & Cognitive Development:
- He was separating by concept. Children actively participate in their own development.
- “Scientist in the crib”
- They look at the environment [observe] & make hypothesis.
- Little children have hypothesis. THey notice. They organize their experience.
- Basic processes of development are:
- Assimilation: You receive information about the world. You assess the information. It
fits with your pre-existing theory. No need to change your theory.
- Accommodation: Your receive information about the world. YOu assess the
information. It does not fit with your pre-existing theory. You change your theory.
Taking a pre-existing theory & accommodating it.
- 1 person’s assimilation can be the other person’s accommodation. Becomes more
- Assimilation/ Accommodation:
- Basis of how we organize the world. Forms of how we develop cognitively.
- Schema: It is a mental model of an aspect of the world.
- Operate through schemas. It can be scripts, plans & goals. - It is used in Cognitive Therapy Literature
- FIlters the world cognitive information.
- Automatic thoughts helps to get schemas on believes.
- Children began to coordinate her body & senses.
- “They own their feet” reach out for things.
- Children develop language skills. Represent through symbols.
- May learn expression but would no