Class Notes (922,979)
CA (543,021)
UTSC (32,990)
Linguistics (486)
LINA01H3 (183)
Lecture 5

Lecture 5 Notes

3 Pages
74 Views

Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LINA01H3
Professor
Chandan Narayan

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Linguistics Lecture 5October 14th, 2010
Phonemes & Allophones
·Phonemes can be discovered through a minimal pair test
·Allophones are predictable variants of a phoneme
·Mad vs. man are NEAR minimal pairs
·The distribution of allophones is rule-governed (changes in context)
·Allophones usually do not occur in the same phonetic environment (complementary
distribution) when not in complimentary distribution; in different phonemes
Doing a phonology problem?
·Phonemes or allophones?
oMinimal pair?
· If there is no (near) minimal pair, examine the contexts
·The relevant context that determines which variant you will see may be:
oWhat comes before/after the sound
oPosition of stress
oSyllable structure , etc
·Typically, one variant is found in a more well-defined, specifi c context while the
other variant is found elsewhere
·We can use the common variant for the phonemic representation
When allophones belong to separate phonemes, they are:
1.Contrastive/distinctive
2. In unpredictable distribution
3.Easily perceived as different
4.Not necessarily phonetically similar
When allophones belong to the same phoneme, they are:
1.Non-contrastive/rule governed
2. In predictable distribution
3.Not easily perceived as different
4.Always phonetically similar
Rules and Derivations
·Phonemic representations are also called underlying representations while
phonetic representations are also called surface representations
·Underlying representations becomes phonetic representations as a result of being
acted upon by phonological process
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Linguistics Lecture 5 October 14 , 2010 Phonemes & Allophones Phonemes can be discovered through a minimal pair test Allophones are predictable variants of a phoneme Mad vs. man are NEAR minimal pairs The distribution of allophones is rule-governed (changes in context) Allophones usually do not occur in the same phonetic environment (complementary distribution) when not in complimentary distribution; in different phonemes Doing a phonology problem? Phonemes or allophones? o Minimal pair? If there is no (near) minimal pair, examine the contexts The relevant context that determines which variant you will see may be: o What comes beforeafter the sound o Position of stress o Syllable structure , etc Typically, one variant is found in a more well-defined, sp
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit