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Lecture 2

MGHC02H3 Lecture 2: Educating the Modern Manager, Doing an Alexander & Managing OneselfPremium

by Amy
4 pages108 viewsSummer 2018

Course Code
Joanna Heathcote

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Leadership Skills and Self-Awareness
Educating the Modern Manager - Hogan and Warrenfeltz
In business, technology changes
Human nature does not change - is infinitely flexible and reflects the changing cultural,
economic, and historical conditions that surrounds it
“It isn’t what you don’t know that will hurt you, it’s what you do know that isn’t true” →
self-awareness and human nature, little attention to this
What is learning?
o Learning is defined in 2 ways:
Gestalt psychology - people construct mental models of the world to
interpret reality and guide behaviour
Process of deeper understanding (knowing that)
Behaviourism - defines learning as a change in behaviour after an
Process of acquiring skills (knowing how)
2 Important lessons executives to learn:
o Evaluating the mental models that they hold regarding their capabilities and
others’ expectations of their performance
o How these mental models are expressed in behavioural terms (social skill)
What drives learning?
o Behaviourists - learning is driven by efforts to meet psychological needs (hunger,
thirst, avoidance of pain)
Behaviours rewarded are learned, behaviours not rewarded not retained
Acquisition of skills depends on absence or presence of rewards, and not
o Gestalt tradition - learning is driven by “epistemic hunger” by a desire to
understand or master the world (even at expense of physiological needs)
Learning shaped by errors and mistakes, failures are what challenges our
understanding and drives us to reconceptualize the world
Learning and development
o Behaviourist tradition - learning new skills based on if prior skills are available
and developing self by steady layering of skills
o Classic developmental tradition (Piaget) - development has a clear start and end
point with stages, lessons (mental models) can only be learned in specified stage
Learning and motivation
o Motive has 2 meanings:
Intentions - being committed and intend to follow action are motivated
Biological needs - people motivated by certain needs
o 3 meta motives in life that people need:
Acceptance and approval
Status, power, and control of resources
Predictability and order
Competency - performance capability that distinguished effective or ineffective
Competency model can be organized in terms of 4 competency domains:
o Intrapersonal skills
3 components:
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