• Individualistic assumptions about love: centered around me being and individual and making
my own decisions.
• Collectivistic assumptions: you get married and then love develops, love is sanctioned
between 2 people depending on many factors (status, same religious affiliation, etc.)
• Gupta and Singh’s study looked at couples’ scores on a love scale between people who had
an arranged or love marriage in India.
• According to Fiske, there are 4 models of thinking about social exchange:
o Communal sharing: all members share the group’s resources as needed. Ex: in the
family, there is a fridge; when you’re hungry- get food. The food is not labelled as
belonging to anyone in particular
o Authority ranking: there is a hierarchy- higher people get more privilege but the
lower people get protection
o Equality matching: no one gets more than anyone else. This is seen in kids: everyone
kids the same amount of juice.
o Markey pricing: what is considered capitalism (customer and shopkeeper)
• As seen on slide 17, there are many different types of relationships (some familiar to our
culture, some not)
• Looking back at markus and kitayama’s cultural models of self, we can infer the knowledge
here to consider Cultural Models of Groups:
o Entity model of ingro