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Lecture 3

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Ivanka Knezevic

SOCA01 – Intro to Sociology 1 September 27, 2012 Feminism:  Both macro- and microsociology.  Patriarchy determines people’s opportunities in life.  Power structures and values, not biology, determine social position of males and females.  Patterns of gender inequality should be changed, barriers addressed, opportunities equalized.  Disagreement about relative importance of patriarchy and other forms of inequality (class, ethnicity, race): o Maternal feminism (women are superior to men), radical o Feminism (women should be separate from men), Marxist o Feminism (gender inequality is class based), liberal o Feminism (importance of legal equality). Post-Modernism:  Modernism (Thomson: Enlightenment) has not fulfilled its promise of rational, free, and equal society. Therefore, all assumptions (rationality, universality, belief in progress) and results of modern thought should either be deconstructed or rejected.  Stresses the validity of subjective meaning: there is no truth about society (cf. positivism) and all perceptions/interpretations of it are equally valid.  Extreme post-modernism: society does not exist – only people’s perceptions and interpretations of it exist.  Will collect raw data and just publish it without trying to draw conclusions from it. Definitions:  Socialization is a lifelong, interactive process whereby human beings become members of society.  Outcomes of socialization: o Developing a sense of self; an individual identity. (e.g. awareness of ideas and attitudes about one’s personal and social identity) o Internalization of social expectations. (e.g. learning of social interaction [cognitive and emotional skills, expectations about behaviour in different situations], statuses, roles, norms.)  Social isolation/deprivation: isolated (feral) children. Nature and Nurture Debate:  Relative importance of heredity and social processes in development of human characteristics (individual and collective).  View of heredity as potential that may be developed or neglected in social processes.  A self-fulfilling prophecy is an expectation that leads to behaviour that causes the expectation to become a reality. (e.g. if you believe your child will have a high-linguistic intelligence they generally do because as a parent, you treat them as if they will and try harder at it
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