SOCA01 – Intro to Sociology 1 September 27, 2012
Both macro- and microsociology.
Patriarchy determines people’s opportunities in life.
Power structures and values, not biology, determine social position of males and females.
Patterns of gender inequality should be changed, barriers addressed, opportunities equalized.
Disagreement about relative importance of patriarchy and other forms of inequality (class,
o Maternal feminism (women are superior to men), radical
o Feminism (women should be separate from men), Marxist
o Feminism (gender inequality is class based), liberal
o Feminism (importance of legal equality).
Modernism (Thomson: Enlightenment) has not fulfilled its promise of rational, free, and equal
society. Therefore, all assumptions (rationality, universality, belief in progress) and results of
modern thought should either be deconstructed or rejected.
Stresses the validity of subjective meaning: there is no truth about society (cf. positivism) and
all perceptions/interpretations of it are equally valid.
Extreme post-modernism: society does not exist – only people’s perceptions and interpretations
of it exist.
Will collect raw data and just publish it without trying to draw conclusions from it.
Socialization is a lifelong, interactive process whereby human beings become members of
Outcomes of socialization:
o Developing a sense of self; an individual identity. (e.g. awareness of ideas and attitudes
about one’s personal and social identity)
o Internalization of social expectations. (e.g. learning of social interaction [cognitive and
emotional skills, expectations about behaviour in different situations], statuses, roles,
Social isolation/deprivation: isolated (feral) children.
Nature and Nurture Debate:
Relative importance of heredity and social processes in development of human characteristics
(individual and collective).
View of heredity as potential that may be developed or neglected in social processes.
A self-fulfilling prophecy is an expectation that leads to behaviour that causes the expectation
to become a reality. (e.g. if you believe your child will have a high-linguistic intelligence they
generally do because as a parent, you treat them as if they will and try harder at it