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University of Toronto Scarborough
Mc Kinon

Social Stratification = social inequality One of the most studied things in sociology Even children when they are youge recognize that some ppl have more and other have less Children notice it so you know that adult take it very seriously SOME ISSUES IN STRATIFICATION (a) COMPLEXITY AND INEQUALITY many sociologist see modern day social complexity a complex society as being responsible for inequality not all sociologist except this view some conflict sociologist believe that politics are primary responble for inequality - carl marx so when we say complexity we mean occupational complexity lets go back to hunter gathers division of labor in these societies first societies that we know of the divison of labor: men hunters women gathers NL/8,3/J00]078/439/4,3\9KL3J inuit north west terrotiets in Canada when ppl get old particular women Z,ONL394,-OL]],7/,3//439.420-,.N because they feel like a burden on the community two fold division of labor male female tK,98L9 division of labor is very simple in these societies they share everything nobody has more then anybody else in fact if anybody did try to accumulate more then anyone else their will be moral outrage that person would be kicked out in our society there are about 4000 ocucpatinal specializations some of these professions made more or less then others in relation and over time this became historically acceptable if postal workers begin to make almost the same as teachers teachers make poltical noise asking to raise their wages to restore the historical relationship of occupational inequality ocupatations try to legitimize what they make by saying it take a lot of skill to that occupation it takes a lot of training and qualifications legitimacy argument (b) MOSCA ON THE INEVITABILITY OF INEQUALITY Mosca is a theorist wrote a book called the ruiling class Said that inequality is inevitable Countries that try to impose it have ended up resorting to extreme drastic forms of action Stalin old soviet Mao china 40 mil dead due to famine not enough food was produce a lot of ppl died Cambodia south east asia Marxist killing field (i) POLITICAL ORGANIZATION Why is it inevitable society cant exist without politics at least not modern society political organization means some sort of direction forms of coordination and decision making societs are organized and societies do the organizations you see organizations all over the place Because they coordinate they have more power you cannot run large organizations without inequality same thing applies to work organizations what we say is that a hierarchy exists further up that hierarychy goes the more power and authority you have the more money you make more power = more ppl you control (ii) INEQUALITIES OF POWER inevitable mosca reaches a conclusion similar to anarachism the political ideas that is sucipiscous of power and authority bill (m)ayers is an anarchist /439OLN054OL9Lcal inequality believes that inequality is the source of all social problems mosca says the same as anarchist onece you have politics then you have inequality leaders give order followers obey power difrns are inevitable then inequality is inevitable anarachist /439Z,3954OL9L.8 (iii) SELF-INTEREST takes a page from conflict theory talks about essential human nature Moscow says that human nature is self serving Marx called it self interest If you have power you will use it to exploit other Many ppl have said that moscoe is too pessimistic is very dark He is synihic a reacatiory a conservative %KL8L8396:L901,L7 Moscow has bits of conflict theory and functliccst and theory Conflict is lefiticst (liberal) Marxist idea Ppl are primarily motivated by self interest Michels elites theoeirest concerned with ppl who run the show Functialist is more conservative Inequality is inevitable (c) STRATIFICATION DEFINED As diffierneces in labour become more complex differences in evuluvation begin take place Gives rise in differences in evuluvation and rank and this ends up creating stratification So stratification is the process by which ppl or categories of ppl (mostly occupational) are ranked on socially differentiated characthersitics /%+,*%+# $%#%,,%, these are the elemtns of social strat (i) WEALTH holdings in liquid and non liquid assets rich women very rarely marry a poor guy land non liquid (ii) PRESTIGE doctors /proffesors/dentists / white collar strat own bussines - (iii) POWER if you can determine the fate of other ppl important things that happen to other ppl then you have power politicians thus have the most power (e) MOBILITY STUDIES examine how some ppl move through the social ladder (up and down) social mobility the starfiication systems are open not fixed Canada
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