SOCA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Economic Security, Incest Taboo, Fatalism

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Published on 8 Jun 2012
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SOCA01- Lecture 7
Consequences of social class:
-class has a profound impact on our lives
-lots of evidence
Quality of life= life chances
-affected by class
-life chances increase as you go up the class hierarchy and decreases as you go down the class
hierarchy
-even when we have universal health coverage (Canada)
-members of the lower class have higher infant mortality rates (die w/n first 6 months)
-due to prenatal and postnatal care
-can see this globally
-poorer countries have higher rates of infant mortality
-ex. Afghanistan has one of the highest rates (relativistically)
-lower classes also have higher rates of general mortality
-keeps increasing (in wealthy countries)
-women seem to live longer and make it up to the age of 90s
-lower orders are more likely to suffer from physical ailments and more likely to suffer from psychological
disorders
-health improves as go up the class hierarchy
Why? -less knowledge of health related issues among members of lower class orders
-less interest b/c those people seem to have a more fatalistic attitude towards life
‘que sera sera’ whatever will be will be
-have a lack of control over their own lives
-fate affects all of us
-but poor people are more fatalistic b/c they lack that control of their lives
-lack of power (powerlessness) associated w/ poorer health
-wealthier people live longer b/c they have the money
-upper classes live longer b/c they have higher levels of education, have more knowledge in connection to a
healthier lifestyle
-i.e. healthier food, diet
-poor people are less likely to use medical facilities when they’re sick
-poor people are more likely to smoke cigarettes
-they have a higher tendency to use hard drugs (even alcohol and tobaccoboth are very addictive)
-i.e. cocaine, crack, heroine, meth
-research on ecstasy: even w/ a few uses of the drug, it affects memory
-marijuana:
-used by the Rastafarians in Jamaica
-marijuana is a part of their subculture
-they smoke Jamaican dope which is powerful
-took a sample of their dope and compared it to a group of Jamaican non-smokers and did cognitive tests
-found that there were no differences
-research on marijuana on monkeys
-showed damaging effects (but may have been due to the high doses they were given daily)
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-lower strata also experience more dangerous working conditions
-ex. white collar workers
-prone to getting carpal tunnel syndrome from typing
-ex. factories (GM)
-people get mutilated, injured, killed
-ex. mining
-very dangerous, floods, cave-ins, coal gas
-used to put canaries which helped to measure the intensity of coal gas
-keep an eye on them and if they died that meant that coal gas was accumulating to dangerous
levels (early warning system)
-ex. construction, logging, ocean fishing
-lifestyle also differs:
1. Consumption patterns
2. Leisure activities
3. Political involvement
4. Attitude formation
Consumption patterns:
-important in career of marketing
-therefore you need a degree in sociology
-need to be aware of the class you are trying to relate to
-ex. rye tends to be more working class, scotch more middles and upper class
-therefore need to know your audience
-ex. muscle cars
-lower classes don’t make as much money and therefore cannot purchase luxury goods
-thus it’s not smart to pitch a luxury good to lower class order
-you need to know who you’re customers are
Leisure time:
-lower classes have less leisure time
-people usually have 2 or 3 jobs and so they have no time to relax
-when they do have time off they may take a holiday but that’s about it
-upper and middle class are much more capable of taking longer holidays abroad
Political involvement:
-to be politically involved, you take part in community activities
-lower classes are much less involved
-therefore, they are much less likely to join voluntary organizations
-in a democracy there are many volunteer organizations
-many lobby politicians to get laws passed that help their organization
-ex. chambers of commerce (business organization)
-social organizations aka fraternal (brotherly)
-ex. the Shriners
-old men that wear funny hats w/ tassels
-ex. loyal order of the mooseKiwanis
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-ethnic/religious organization
-working classes tend not to join
-they live a privatized existence=social isolation
-not involved in community activity
Why? -some suggest that they lack participation resources
-they fear when they look at organizations b/c they lack education, language
-fear of not being able to express themselves properly
-lack of confidence
-isolation also extends to political involvement
-therefore lower classes are less involved in political activities
-they are less likely to vote
-they say that politics is crooked
Attitude formation:
-authoritarianism
-as you go down the class hierarchy measures of authority become higher
-authoritarianism scale
-authoritarians tend to be more prejudice
-they tend to be xenophobic=fear of the outsider, fear of people who rare different
-therefore, this increases as you go down the class hierarchy
-discrimination also increases
-authoritarianism represents the absence of cognitive complexity
-they tend to see things in terms of absolutes
-raise children in strict ways
-seem to be law and order typessomeone who believes in harsh penalties to people who break the law
-absence of organizational complexity
-“the world should be the way I want it to be and if not then the world is wrong”
-world view:
-relative lack of education
-as go down the hierarchy educational obtainment decreases
Adorno and Fromm:
-called authoritarianism and “escape from freedom”
-some people are afraid of freedom b/c they need to take on a lot of responsibility
-authoritarians cannot handle that level of responsibility and so they try to escape from it
Fascismideology of native Japan and Germany
Income and Poverty:
-difficult to determine poverty
-a political “hot potato”
-tense debate over if the definition should be absolute or relative
-absolute tends to focus on economic yard sticks
-ex. anyone who makes less than 20 000/yr is in poverty
-relative looks at people compared to other people
-not interested in absolute cutoff points but whether this person can lead a decent life given what a
person makes and the resources they have
Defining poverty:
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Document Summary

Class has a profound impact on our lives. Life chances increase as you go up the class hierarchy and decreases as you go down the class hierarchy. Members of the lower class have higher infant mortality rates (die w/n first 6 months) Afghanistan has one of the highest rates (relativistically) Health improves as go up the class hierarchy. Less knowledge of health related issues among members of lower class orders. Less interest b/c those people seem to have a more fatalistic attitude towards life. Que sera sera" whatever will be will be. Have a lack of control over their own lives. Even when we have universal health coverage (canada) Poorer countries have higher rates of infant mortality. Lower classes also have higher rates of general mortality. Women seem to live longer and make it up to the age of 90s. Lower orders are more likely to suffer from physical ailments and more likely to suffer from psychological disorders.

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