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Lecture 2

Course Code
Sarah Caskey

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Jan. 17/11
Louie Mannon---
- a short story is not as restrictive as a sonnet; it is the most single-mindedness
- every word in a story is in a service of an effect getting the golf ball in the hole with the
least strokes as possible; the reader of the story tries to find an effect, a surprising one
- the whole idea of a story is to make a language reform in an act emotion, effect, an
adoration of something that is not there
- difficulty of critically analyzing short stories; because when a story is particularly
powerful and excellent, it tends to produce a worldless effect in the reader; it seems so
Elaine Showalter---
- one of the best ways to pursue close reading is to selecting a paragraph and looking at it
sentence by sentence
ILLUMINATE THE THEME OF THE STORY? **not just talking about how to react to
the story, but asking questions of word images that work together to convey meaning?
Lazybones ---
- realism: designate a current mode of representing life and experience in literature; it has
a particular effect on the reader effect that it represents life in the social world as it
seems, that such things might well happen; evoking the sense that characters could exist
and that such things might well happen (as opposed to modes of literature that seem
adventurous, other-worldly) getting a slice of life
- (author) devoted to the idea of literary realism depiction of characters and events in
such an unidealized way; objective and accurate
- his deliberate use of words strived for not an elegant way of writing
- to the contemporary readers, he gave an example where he was responding
compassionately to the suffering of Canadian woman at the time; but at his time, his work
was seen as pornographic

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- sympathetic to the female characters to prairie woman and their struggles
- Lazybones is about farming and the tremendous effort to bring a new culture to a largely
unoccupied landscape difficulty of growing crops successfully; appreciate that these
events impact on domestic sphere and human sphere
- work ethic is essential, both in physical and emotional sense
- protagonist must be physically strong cleaning, gathering, weeding (notice the -ing
- also, mental and emotional strengths
- (pg. 51) Elizabeth Hurst is introduced, in this opening paragraph, as a woman who is
animated (active) and capable in contrast to the sleeping husband (doubly associated
with passivity)
- the landscape**- significant because it shows how hard it is to farm this landscape
(which is critical to Elizabeth); emptiness, nothingness to arrest the eye (emphasis on the
lack of nothing); the vastness, which can be incredibly powerful but also can be awesome
and overwhelming to feel belittled by it
- Elizabeth is very capable and competent: carrying pails
- her appearance: implication that there is a standard in which she is compared and judged
she was not a beauty her physical attributes are important; she doesnt conform to
traditional standards of beauty; described as very manly; she is described often in
masculine terms
- Walter is described as his beauty (opposite to Elizabeth)
- betrayed”- tells us that those are not desirable traits (betrayed means to unintentionally
reveal); implies the standard that Elizabeth is compared
- the only reference to a woman in the story provides another meaningful reference to the
story (pg. 57) women are not treated as equals; dont acknowledge Elizabeths presence;
shes a looker all right, and a high stepper, too.: compared to a horse, rather than a human
being; if she is a high stepper, then she is trainable; Irene is spoken of as an object rather
than as a human being; Elizabeth comes from a high standing family than Walt; Walt
insults Elizabeth in front of his friends even when she is there; Elizabeth has to be careful
in the way she acts
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