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Lecture 9

HIS102Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Spanish Empire, 6 Years, Allies Of World War Ii

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Robert Bothwell

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LECTURE 9 OCT 9. 2012
- although the war of 1812 territorial a wash there were losers from this war, the native nations of north
America and they exit as international actors, the natives probably did have an objective in the war which
was to carve out an Indian territory which would have been autonomous and it would have been in the
center of American territory this objective was not achieved, the native nations were abandoned by the
- north and south of the British American border the native nations are consigned to reserves derived from
the pre colonial British policy, therefore there is a succession of treaties of British American and native
- the status of the natives of north Americans in doubt because they are treaties that have some control or
ownership of land the relationship between Canada and America and Canada and the natives is
- although native individuals have played a role in the Canadian armies they enter the nation as individuals
and not as representatives of their nation in any form
- prior to 1815 the great war was happening which came to an end with the battle of waterloo, the winning
powers were the autocracies…
- spain and Portugal are the other two countries with empires in the Americas, for 15 years the government
of Portugal was directed by, the king then returned to Lisbon, the revolution then broke out In brazil and
for the next 60 years brazil is independent of Portugal
- the Spanish had governed their colonies in a dispersed way, the various regions of south amrican declared
their independence the Spanish did not go willingly therefore there were a fair number of battles this
results in a civil war in many places
- mexico beomes an indpenendent monarchy like brazil, all of this greatly offended the whole European
powers and their way of diplomacy and they debate whether or not to help Ferdinand
- these discussions went quite far and they suggest that in anglo American relations there is a reciognition
that americans and british had more in common than what separated so they were drawing a little more
closely to each other on political and ideological grounds
- there is finally a mutual understanding the great enemy of America Is not great britian
- john quinsy adams what he did not want was an alliance between the great british and america because
of the great unbalance of power
- what the americans wanted was the disapeareance of the Spanish empire they did not care much for
theportugese but they wanted spain gone and spain was still a great power and if theyre empire was
reunited they could be very much powerful
- the americans wanted a boundry between them and the Spanish and they also wanted to take over
florida and they succeed in both florida becomes part of the U.S in 1819
- what is now the border of California was once between the boundries between the Spanish and the
united states
- the general princible was agreed that the northern boundries should be firm and there should be no
doubt about where it should go
- 1817 RUSH BAGOT agreement
o each side rushing to build bigger and bigger ships and it becomes naval disarment
o becomes great torusim attraction
- the americansin this period redirect themselves, prior to 1815 american oublic opinion was aware of
british north America, mainly because the generation of the war of 1812 was still around
- there were American immigrants still moving north of the border for free land and better terms than they
can get in the united states
- the immigration ceased because of paranoio and potential American traitors trying to subvert king George
III and is established order and land was gradually taken up and british immigrands became to follow into
americna colonies
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