Lecture #10 Lecture Topic:
Duringthe lecture,take notes here. Insert a sub-page for each lecture
Homework: Important Points:
Lecture Topic: Kingship Recap
During the lecture,take notes here. Insert a sub-page for each lecturetopic.
Reigningpharaoh= link betweenhumansand gods
Had to maintaincosmicequilibrium --> maat= "CosmicOrder, Justice, Righteousness"
--> ward of enemies of Egypt = Chaos (isfet)
In later periods(NK onwards) --> Cults of livingrulers --> first abroad --> then in Egypt
King or God?
King not above Maat--> tied to it
Divineattributes gifts from / dependent on gods
Was netjer nefer, "the perfect(ed)god"
Had to "renew"and "prove"his powers after 30 years in Sed-festival
Yet, madeout to be "superhuman"(using these…:)
□ (used to underline status)
○ Five elements:
□ =embodimentof Horus on Earth
□ Often politicalprogram
□ =(protectedby) The Two Ladies
□ (=goddesses and crownsof UpperandLower Egypt)
(3) (Horus of) Gold
□ Debated;perhapsrelates to culticcenterof Seth,Nubet = Ombos(Eg. Nebu =
□ Otherwise,divinenature(--> flesh of gods = gold…)
(4) Niswt-biti= DualKing
□ Of Upperand LowerEgypt
□ Stresses politicalinstitutionof kingship
□ Givenat accession Egyptiankings haveown name,butwhen come to throne they get
May express political program throne name
□ Often (esp. NK) compoundedwith "Re"
(5) Sa-Re= Son of Re
□ Direct descent from sungod,Re
□ Prefacesbirthname (nomen)
□ Foundmost commonlyin secondary literaturee.g Amenhotep;Thuthmose,
ThumoseIII's explanationof his titulary
○ Egyptianinterpretationof titulary (18th Dynasty)
○ Givesexplanationof WHY he is calledthat
○ Meaningto namesand Egyptianstried to grasp it
Instructionsof ThutmoreI to Turi,Viceroy of Kush
○ Wasn't bodilyson of predecessor, may have felt the need to justify