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Lecture 10

Lecture 10 notes.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
John Bassili

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Lecture 10 notes
Piaget’s Preoperational Period
- Age 2 to 7
- A tremendous increase in symbolic (representational) thought
- Language is the most flexible means of symbolic representation
- Numbers are even more obviously symbolic
- Before a child has mastered operational thinking (when they can imagine things in their mind)
- There are important limitations in this stage: Inability to conserve and egocentric
o They have a hard time seeing things from over people’s perspective
o They do not realize that certain physical characteristics of objects remain the same even
when their appearance changes
o Very rigid ideas
o Irreversibility unable to reverse operations in their minds
o Unable to think about more than one aspect at a time
Concrete Operational Period
- Age 7 11
- Able to master some mental operations as long as things are pretty concrete
- Operations = mental actions that obey logical rules
- Transitivity = using logical rules
- Child becomes more flexible and logical in their thinking, no longer having difficulty with
understanding conservation and hierarchical categorization
- The child is now able to take other people’s point of view and of empathizing with them
Formal Operational Period
- Children become capable of abstract reasoning and can make logical inferences even in abstract
contexts
- They begin to understand that their behavior can have different consequences in different
contexts
Schemas what you know that is relevant to the situation you’re trying to solve
Assimilation refers to the modification of new information to make it fit into an existing schema
Accommodation refers to the creation or modification of schema to make them fit with new
experiences

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Description
Lecture 10 notes Piaget’s Preoperational Period - Age 2 to 7 - A tremendous increase in symbolic (representational) thought - Language is the most flexible means of symbolic representation - Numbers are even more obviously symbolic - Before a child has mastered operational thinking (when they can imagine things in their mind) - There are important limitations in this stage: Inability to conserve and egocentric o They have a hard time seeing things from over people’s perspective o They do not realize that certain physical characteristics of objects remain the same even when their appearance changes o Very rigid ideas o Irreversibility – unable to reverse operations in their minds o Unable to think about more than one aspect at a time Concrete Operational Period - Age 7 – 11 - Able to master some mental ope
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