Lecture 3, 27 September 2012
System hierarchy usually refer to higher statued man and lower statued women
Refugee-informal defn as ppl in flight, informal migrants;administrative defn as list of
categories UHHCR recognizes;formal defn as appears in1954 convention used in refugee
deter nation process
Major general questions for September 27, 2012:
How is the process of resettlement different for women and men who are “in flight?”
What happens to women in camps in terms of resettlement?
Let’s begin by discussing the three “options” for people in camps. What are the three?
What does UNHCR and many countries prefer?
In refugee camps,
are among the most vulnerable;
1)poor resource (gender stratification in origin country), resources given to man and so
man are more likely educated, women in camp are often under-educated or not educated,
but education is important as it gives ppl the mastery over environment
2)little physical protection-absent males (protection from brother to sis, father to
daughter, husband to wife) &poor camp design(hot weather and girls being raped)
3) also denied full participation in decision making ;access to food distribution and
4)may lack proper documentation that increase denied resettlement
5)rape,abductionand used as "wife";bartering sex; Www. Insightnewstv.com/d64
In refugee camps,
-voluntary repatrition(eg return); "home" this notion of identity is very powerful, a spot u
know society, neighbors, family, no need to struggle,powerful drawback for ppl
2)integration in local host country, only small portion really resettled in host country,
mainly 2nd generation born in the camp (refugees in camps are always waiting to give
food, oil, education, job...being very passive and unmotivated)
3) resettlement to third country(e.g Canada)
Two ways of "refugees" getting into Canada
1) selected from outside Canada enters. With appropriate visa -see
2) show up at border(claim refugee status=refugee claimant), show up at Pearson airport,
naiagra fall Resettlement in Canada from outside
Gender issues are central to gets resettled to Canada
-women and girls are at least 50% of refugee pop -higher in camp
-underrepresented in 3rd country settlement, coz underrepresented as clainment candidate
, has less money to travel to Canada , more vulnerable more danger on the journey to
Canada "run for ur life's"-CBC videos
Resettlement in Canada, why women under-represented? 2 reasons
1) selection from abroad, suitability, adapbility issues
a)gender stratification -low edu, kids
b) gender startification -not important
2 who gets to Canada as claimant?
a)Women not as likely -gender norms, more dangerous on journey to Canada, in
generally, prevailing in migration sent out women first to migrate, family would also sent
man first for refugee clainment
Who is "selected"for resettlement?
"Normal"protocol: Selection from abroad, could use criteria of "suitablity"
What is Suitablity? = can make one's way , we don't want everyone, choose who has
better chance to earn livelihood in Canada , not somebody expected to depend on govt
support entire life
How to achieve this outcome: add admissibility criteria: Education, language skills , work
experience, likely income etc.
Ppl who are potentially suitable for Canada has characteristic in terms of language, edu
women are not as Likely to be selected to resetle by UN standard, even they meet the
1954 convention defn by UN Result:Man do predominant in resetlement to 3rd country like Canada
Gender refugee settlement
- Gender as an organizing principal
How to recognize these gendered outcome? How to remedy inequality
Equality: state of being equal: have rights treatments quantify or value equal to all others
in a specific group; no gender discrimination, equal opportunity As men
Equity: sth that is just, impartial and fair, sustain equitable by taking special steps for u.
E.g for parallel ppl, built ramps for their acess into building, enrollment in uni not based
on age, sex, race,, healthiness
Gender mainstreaming can be seen as a solution? What is it – does it have another name?
What is equality and what is equity? Can you give an example of each?
Gender-based analysis(gender streaming) is a process that assesses the
differential impact of proposed and/or existing policies, programs and
legislation on women and men.
Gender-based analysis challenges the assumption that everyone is affected by