Class Notes (836,839)
Canada (509,920)
Sociology (3,253)
SOC101Y1 (985)
M.Young (29)
Lecture 6

SOC220 Lecture 6

3 Pages
Unlock Document


SOC220 Lecture 6 10/31/2012 Institutionalism, Ideology, Hegemony Inequality structures - Major emphasis: how is social inequality maintained? o Consider:  Structural conditions  Limited by broader structural focus  Agency Institutionalism What is it? Definition: normative system of social actions with rules, social norms, standardized behavior - How is something to be done? - How is something to be legitimated? Berger and Luckmann (1966): institutions have a history that predates our birth and thus “confront individuals as undeniable facts… [that we cannot] wish away” History matters - Giving up our “right to control” o We all voluntarily subscribe to these institutions to obtain benefits that cannot be achieved alone o Institutions are very good at managing and competing for interests o Functionalism: “biological analogy”, functions as a whole  Promoting conformity, giving up the right to control o Does not deal will with conflict - Past political and social institutions impact current political, social and economic outcomes o Marx: the struggles of the working class  Working day  Child legislation - Institutionalization assume a level of rigidity Examples: - Policies are structured by formal structures and rules and procedures - Institutions shape individuals through cognitive scripts that provides the frame of reference within which behavior is interpreted o “if you have a hammer, everything looks like a nail - Path dependency: implies that the past trajectory or context of situation will condition future trajectories in a way that does not preclude unintended consequences or inefficiencies o Increasing returns o Example: the relationship; legal, moral, social aspects o Harder to move back trajectory, the cost is higher and higher, at certain critical junctures, new institutions and arrangements pop up to reinforce Hegemony and Ideology Hegemony: the reproduction of power of a dominant state or person - The key aspect: reproduction of power is not through force or domination o Active consent o The mobilization and production of the active consent of the masses Two levels: 1. The state: official organs o Government 2. Civil society (private or non-state): when the mass consents to the general direction imposed on them by the ruling group o Family, media, education, everything else - Gives a lot of consent to the leaders through, political, economic, education, moral spheres Video: Free markers depend on state intervention - Intimate connection between the state and the economy Hegemony - Gramsci: it is the role of intellectuals of the ruling class to create a hegemony o Creating a active consent, no force is applied o Philosophy, science, arts o Educational system, cultural institutions, media o Two types of intellectual 1. Traditional a. Gone through the proper trainings
More Less

Related notes for SOC101Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.