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Domination: gender inequalities lecture 3

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University of Toronto St. George
Lorne Tepperman

Sept 25 lecture (1) Gender Inequality (lecture 3) -women used to be the “second sex” from the book by Simone de Beauvoir but now many parents prefer having daughters over sons How the world is changing: 1) Education for women: -before, women weren’t admitted into North American universities until late 1800s -today women are more numerous graduates than are men 2) The disappearance of mens jobs -jobs men used to do have been replaced by machines or moved overseas -primary industry (farming, logging, mining) employs few -second industry is in decline -tertiary (service industry is booming and female-friendly Sex: biological characteristics that make someone male or female Gender: social expectations that people describe as masculine or femine Social construction: process that make sexual (biological) differences seem large or small Reality vs. Narratives of blame: WHY WOMEN LEAVE BUSINESS REALITY: 1) not being valued 2) feeling excluded 3) male-dominated work environments 4) lack of opportunity 5) work-life (family) issues NARRATIVES OF BLAME: 1) prefer children over work 2) work is too demanding 3) lack self confidence Gender intelligence: knowing that men and women interpret things differently -women executives feel men exclude them -men don’t think about the detail of women’s work Glass-ceiling: gender inequalities in the work place (wide wage-gap) Rosabeth Kanter’s Men and Women of the Coproration (1977) -argues that some women fail in business because of the lack of opportunities -challenged assumptions about the traditional system of reward within organizations -that’s why women act subservient, devious, seemingly ambitious because they have feel powerless -when men see this, they see them as poor executive material and thus give them less opportunities for promotion Sept 25 lecture (2) Tokenism- the practice of making no more than a token of an effort in offering opportunities to minorities equal to the majority -only a few of the majority is illustrated to equal Feminization and proletarianization of work -even if women were to attend school with males and get the same degree they seek female dominated professions Valuation of emotion work -men trivialize its economic and social value -it requires maintaining a warm atmosphere while providing cus
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