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Lecture

Class 12 note

6 Pages
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Department
Woodsworth College Courses
Course Code
WDW101Y1
Professor
Scot Wortley

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Class 12
Should the criminal justice system collect and analyse information on race, ethnicity and
immigration status?
Canada is a unique country; we actually have a formal ban of publication of any
racial or ethnicity crime rates unlike the states and Europe.
Same goes for a number of other issues/ not only offending but criminal justice
processing. However sometimes there are studies that show this.
Let to an argument for and against the release of this type of information.
The argument against the collection of ethnicity Data
Problems with official crime data. The data are no perfect.
Difficulty of measuring race/ethnicity. What is more important, the racial or the
ethnic identity? Or both? How do you measure it? Should rely on self reports? By
race we typical refer to skin color or visible characteristics, ethnicity often refers to
your nationality.
Identity and measuring thing is not easy. This may make statistics unreliable.
There could be bias in the collection of the data.
Data could be used to justify discrimination against particular racial/ethnic groups.
Data could be used to damage the operation or reputation of the criminal justice
system. It could be used and examine the question if everybody is being sentenced
the same.
Data could produce distrust between the justice system and racial minority groups.
It could further damage the relationship b/w minorities and the justice system.
Arguments in favour of ethnicity data:
Could be used to identify racial/ethnic bias.
Could be used to identify and respond to important crime problems.
Race/Ethnicity data from other countries is widely available in Canada.
Racialized depictions of race and crime are widespread in the Canadian media.
www.notesolution.com
The ban on race-crime statistics has not prevented stereotypes or racial
discrimination. A lot of information about crime can be found from other countries,
or from media. Recent research seems to show that may even exaggerate the
discrimination against minorities.
Data could improve police-race relations by providing transparency. When you ban
something, it may lead people to believe that you have something to hide.
What is the relationship between race and ethnicity in crime?
Aboriginal Canadians have the highest incarceration rate followed by blacks.
The magnitude of the incarceration rate is different between Canada and united
state.
Racial differences with self reports are much lower.
When we analyze substance abuse, white race is higher.
With respect to certain properties offences, black reported slightly them whit
students. When it comes down to drug use, white students do use more illegal drugs
Why minorities are over-represented in official crime statistics?
A lot of people believe in racial profiling.
The vast majority of youth are law abiding citizens.
Explaining the race-crime connection:
Genetic (Racist Bullshit) theories
The Importation Model (often held up with respect o immigration. A lot of minorities
come from immigration groups. Some people migrate here; migrate with the
objectives to commit crime. A lot of motivated criminal come to Canada- but false!!
Immigrants in Canada commit less crime then people born in Canada. there is a
trend that the 2nd generation there is an increase crime rate)
The Strain Model (racial minorities would have more strain and would them to
engage in crime)
The Cultural Conflict Model (immigrants and racial minorities have practices which
clashes with the criminal law in Canada- domestic violence)
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Class 12 Should the criminal justice system collect and analyse information on race, ethnicity and immigration status? Canada is a unique country; we actually have a formal ban of publication of any racial or ethnicity crime rates unlike the states and Europe. Same goes for a number of other issues not only offending but criminal justice processing. However sometimes there are studies that show this. Let to an argument for and against the release of this type of information. The argument against the collection of ethnicity Data Problems with official crime data. The data are no perfect. Difficulty of measuring raceethnicity. What is more important, the racial or the ethnic identity? Or both? How do you measure it? Should rely on self reports? By race we typical refer to skin color or visible characteristics, ethnicity often refers to your nationality. Identity and measuring thing is not easy. This may make statistics unreliable. There could be bias in the collection of the data. Data could be used to justify discrimination against particular racialethnic groups. Data could be used to damage the operation or reputation of the criminal justice system. It could be used and examine the question if everybody is being sentenced the same. Data could produce distrust between the justice system and racial minority groups. It could further damage the relationship bw minorities and the justice system. Arguments in favour of ethnicity data: Could be used to identify racialethnic bias. Could be used to identify and respond to important crime problems. RaceEthnicity data from other countries is widely available in Canada. Racialized depictions of race and crime are widespread in the Canadian media. www.notesolution.com
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