At the beginning of the 19 century, Russia was a huge country with many natural resources but
failed to modernize.
- They were ruled by an autocratic Czar,Alexander III
1905 – Russia-Japanese war is an embarrassing defeat for the Russians and leads to the 1905
revolutions of Russian workers againstAlexander III
- The revolution did not succeed and the tsar still held power
- The next Czar was Nicholas II
- The Tsarina at the time was under the influence of the power of a mystic named Rasputin
As the Tsarina was running things under Rasputin, more strikes continued to break out.
- Russians were upset that the Czar was not listening to them but was listening to Rasputin
Elites decided to assassinate Rasputin and push the Czar out of power, and succeeded.
March 1917 – the revolution succeeds and the czar is pushed out of power.Atemporary
government is decided in St. Petersburg
- The provisional government is not effective and the Duma that helped to form it is
- Many workers councils are formed throughout Russia (Soviettes)
- The provisional government continues to fight in the world war but the Russians are sick
of the war and want out
Lenin and the Bolsheviks argues that dedicated revolutionaries are needed to push the revolution
- He thinks a radical revolution is necessary because Russia is stuck where it is and not
moving forward and modernizing
- The Bolsheviks argue for peace, land, and bread (propaganda)
o Soldiers were fed up with the war and the Russian officers, so peace was growing
o Land appealed to the peasantry who thought it was too expensive to buy their own
land, but who experienced a land hunger. They wanted to b