MAC 143 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Serpentine Dance, Kinetoscope, Lowculture

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The Early Art of Making Movies
I. Analyzing the Film Industry
A. Production
1. How and where films are made
B. Exhibition
1. Place where people can see the film
C. Distribution
1. Strategies of how companies get films to exhibition sites
II. Early Film Exhibition
A. Kinetoscope Parlors (1893-1896)
1. Moving pictures
2. Storefront business that people could go to and play with new technology
3. Kinetoscope machine
a) Machine where you could see a moving picture
B. Vaudeville and Motion Pictures (1896-1905)
1. Turn novel moving pictures into a mainstream thing
2. Vaudeville
a) Theater troupes
b) Ended with short moving pictures
C. Nickelodeans (1905-1914)
1. Businesses devoted solely to showing movies
2. Low-cost, storefront businesses
3. Makeshift movie theaters
4. Located primarily in working-class/immigrant neighborhoods
a) Low-culture entertainment
5. Anglo-Saxon elite retaliation
D. Movie Palaces (1915-)
1. Most of the people building nickelodeons were immigrant entrepreneurs
a) Wanted to attract higher class audience to get more money
2. Create complex, beautiful movie theaters downtown
3. Try to make going to the theater an exotic experience
a) Imagineering
III. Early Development of Film Techniques and Narrative
A. Peep Show Novelties and the Cinema Attractions”
1. Kinetoscope parlours
2. Examples: The Kiss, Serpentine Dance, Sandow (1893)
B. Primitive Cinema: Tableaux (“Living Pictures”) Films (1894-1903)
1. Vaudeville houses
2. Single long shot, static camera, theater-like staging
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