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HLTH 101 Study Guide - Final Guide: Negative Liberty, The Barker, Joanna Macy

Health Studies
Course Code
HLTH 101
Alaina Mc Grath
Study Guide

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HLTH 101 Notes
General Info
Teacher: Elaine Power
Goes by Professor Power, Dr. Power, or Dr. Elaine
Office hours: 12:00-1:00 Mondays, 1:00-2:00 Tuesdays; 301 G SKHS building; (answered within 72 hours)
Course Format
50 min class/week, 75 min tutorials/2 weeks, online independent material
Social Determinants of Health - Davidson
A Healthy Society - Meili
Lullabies for Little Criminals - O’Neill
Glossary of Terms for Anti-Oppressive Policy and Practice - Sammon
Plagiarism quiz 3%
Weekly online mini quizzes 6%
Grammar Quizzes 2%
Tutorials 9%
Advocacy letter 10%
Thesis Novel Assignment 10%
Final Essay Assignment 25%
Final Proctored Exam 35%
Week 1: Introduction to Social Determinants of Health (SDoH)
-Framework to understand and make sense
of the world; a framework of what things
“How shall we recognize
ourselves as a society to ensure the
conditions in which everyone has
opportunities to be as healthy as
i. Way of life
ii. Rules to follow
iii. Moral system held by a society
iv. Framework we’re not 100% conscious of
v. Public health as a political practice
vi. The “American Dream” as an ideology
vii. Taken for granted as “true
viii. anything that doesn't “fit” is disregarded
ICE model
foundations, basic facts, main ideas, “a,
b, and c’s,” initial idea
expanding on ideas, prior knowledge,
connecting to other topics, connecting
main article ideas
extrapolating, forming own opinions, new
ideas, connections to outside sources,
new knowledge, real-world applications,
the bigger questions: SO WHAT?!
Is inequality making us sick?
Why are we sick? —> income, work, education,
Fun Fact: twins often lead different lives, which
is why they don’t live the same amount of years
longer lifespan correlated to better education,
larger salary, better neighbourhood
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Are the conditions in which people
live, work, grow, are born, age, etc.
the wider set of forces/conditions that
shape daily life
Health Inequalities:
-social norms, economic policies, social policies, political policies are all responsible for health
the study of SDoH isn’t even 30 years old
Most marginalized people/range of distribution
Top 10 SDoH (Stats Canada)!
1. Income/Social status
2. Social support network
3. Education/literacy
4. Employment/working conditions
5. Social environment
6. Physical environment
7. Personal Health/Coping skills
8. Healthy Child development
9. Genetics/Gender
10. Health Services
life expectancy can be predicted by if you and where you attended high school…*This isn’t right!
What does Social Class mean? How do we carry it in our bodies?
good food
What’s the connection to the hormone, cortisol?
the more stressed you are, the more your body will release
increased stress = decreased immunity
stressful job w/o means to manage the stress = bad; stressful job w/ resources to manage the
stress = good
8 hour work day made people healthier (not over-worked)
wealth distribution in regards to better health: worse health____| income gap |____better health
PUBLIC HEALTH: discipline that addresses health at a population level; groups of people, sick &
Public Health professionals
1. understand —> outcomes, magnitude, research, exposure distribution
2. act —> prevention & treatment
WHAT’S more
Public Health
-health of the general public
-what we do as a society to ensure the
conditions necessary for people to live long and
happy lives
->i.e. regulation of food and water,
vaccines, etc.
-public health is statistical, because it deals with
entire populations
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Types of Ideologies!
1. liberal individualist — dominate ideology; north-american view; negative freedom (market,
freedom, limited government, tax cut, consumer choice, personal responsibility, etc.)
2. Collectivist/Socialist — government is seen as principle means of social improvement;
reduces harm created by economic power; positive freedom (equity, social responsibility,
compassion, etc.)
3. Green/Environmental — sees economic growth as the cause of most environmental
damage; small groups and sustainability, rejects neoliberalistic views; compatible with public
health (ecosystems, community-based, sustainable development, interdependence, etc.)
Week 2: Population Health
Note: Individual behaviours are determinants of health but NOT social determinants of health!
What is population health?
What are the differences between population health and individual health?
The history of public health
institute of medicine (1988) “public health is what we do collectively as a society to ensure
the conditions in which people can be healthy”
Eg. legislation, public policies, clean air, clean drinking water, vaccinations, etc.
Public health legislation is public health intervening!
eg. seat belts, motorcycle helmets, food safety, vaccines, smoking laws, nutrition labels,
a more UPSTREAM way of viewing things would be…
(a) minimum wages (b) affordable public housing (c) 40hour work week (d) employment
safety standards (e) child education instead of child labor
-main goal is to improve the health status of the entire population by reducing disease and early
preventable deaths in populations
-recognizes importance of individual contribution (eg. eating and exercise, etc.) to injury and
disease but id more interested in understanding how to reduce and/or alleviate hazards by
addressing underlying causes (pollution, nutrition content of food, poverty, poor healthcare, etc.)
-“patient” = population
-saves statistical lives through prevention
-health benefits to the population do not equal health benefits to the individual
-it’s a collective enterprise that requires a strong government that is willing to act
The purpose of medicine is to cure disease, promote health, and extend life on an
individual basis; whereas, the purpose of public health is to promote health and extend
longevity at a population level through prevention
—> Both seek to reduce suffering.
Upseam lks at the rts of the problem not the problem itself; wheas
dnseam is a me sht tm view.
-downstream = proximal, upstream = distal
find more resources at
find more resources at
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