soca lec 5.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ivanka Knezevic

SOCA LEC 5 JENNIFER WU Status and role – definitions Status: a position in relation to other people Ex: a hockey player, a restaurant server, a human, resource specialist, social worker, a sex trade worker, a father, a sister, a best friend, a voter Roles: expected behavior of a person in a particular status (Shaffir and Pawluch follow Parsons: responsibilities and privileges of a status) - A status describes what one is, a role describes what one does - Structural functionalism: roles restrict agency strongly opposite symbolic interaction. A scribed & achieved statuses  an ascribed status: usually one a person is born into (e.g. class), or imposed by nature, usually considered as unchangeable  A scribed (male/female) statuses are socially constructed  The all –India census 1868-1871: gender categories understandable to the British, but not to many Indian communities  An achieved statues (eg. Hockey player) earned or chosen by the actor (e.g. class), usually considered as changeable  Ascribed status often influence achievement of statuses Role conflict  a situation where the demands of one role are at odds with another 1. time demands of multiple roles: the actor must choose which role to fulfill; 2. internalized norms of 1 role spill over into another and result in inapprociate behavior in the role  1960’s US: an increase number of divorces of middle-class couples, caused by husbands’ inability to abandon norms of managerial role at home. Symoblic interactionism and social constructionism SOCA LEC 5 JENNIFER WU  people act in situations on the basis of the meaning (definition) that the situation has for them, not on the basis of objective characteristic of things & people.  Thomas and Thomas “if men define situations as real they are real in their consequences”  The meaning (definitions) are created and negotiated in social interaction  Berger and Luckman combine symbolic – interactionist and weberian approach: 1. social reality is socially constructed’ 2. by claim makers who attempt to change definition of reality; 3. success of claim makers depends on the distribution of power between them and other social actors (including opponents)  environmental processes are ongoing. Why do environmental iss
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