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Feb. 24th Notes.docx

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Feb. 24th Notes Monday, February 24, 2014 6:10 PM Leonardo, Michelangelo and Raphael in Florence: imitation and rivalry •Essay details on blackboard --> has suggested topics •Topic --> 1400-early 1600 renaissance art work with theme of the class •Vasari reading --> development of the renaissance --> points to Leonardo, Michelangelo, and raphael as the 3 new artist as the best in the new age o Leonardo as the best --> early 1500s --> also oldest of the 3 --> pinnacle of innovations in painting o Michelangelo as the divine figure --> painter, sculpture and architect --> champion of all three Leonardo, Virgin and Child with St, Anne and St. John the Baptist •Leonardo worked with artists of the 1400s •Spends 20 years as a court artist in Milan •1499 --> French decide to take over Milan --> lots of artist leave town (Leonardo too) •Went to hometown, Florence •One of the first works he did when he returns to Florence •Virgin mary holding baby jesus --> figure behind her is saint anne, her mother •Leonardo housed in a church when he returns to Florence, church of Annunziata --> designed by Alberti (the architecture, pillars, arches) --> now baroquifed o Commission for an enormous altar piece, two sides --> back side visible to clergy, cruxification scene, front side to the crowd, supposed to be a subject of the virgin Mary o Commission given to Leonardo --> picture made this drawing for the front piece (facing nave) •Subject was more common in private intimate scenes, family snapshot--> usually have iconic standing saints… o More devotional scene, Varsari praises this as new invention •Theme of "Sant'Anna Metterza" --> usually very ridge, from medival --> broken by Leonardo, more natural o Virgin mary siting on her side, tender gesture of baby jesus to touching his cousin john --> imagine interpersonal narratives --> iconic image comes to life •Image is black and white chalk ---> blending the two together, looks highly 3-D o Figures take on an organic unity --> brought to life through movements and gestures o Leonardo able to add a new level of painting to modern painting --> is what makes him the best in Vasari's eyes •Pictures hailed as a marble --> Florence up to this point has not seen this kind of painting --> put up as a work of Art in church --> the artistry of the painting over powers devotional purpose Filippinoi Lippi (worked on it from 1500-2) and Pietro P.erugino, Descent from the Cross, back side of altar •Perugino painted the front side of altar (very big!!) --> his style of paintings has not changed since his earlier work o Not looking as good compared to Leonardo's work o Altar expecting something new --> but still the same thing, not for the new cutting edge market o Interest in re-kindling representing Florence as new, high-edge cutting Leonardo, Maddona and Child with St. Anne, 1506-8 •St. John is replaced with lamb (compare with other one) •Theme of enlivening of the pictures •Both images had impact on other artists (i.e.. Michelangelo) •Head back to Milan in 1507 •1504 Perugino brought Raphael with him to Florence to paint the front altar piece o Raphael, seeing his teachers failure, tried to learn what he could from Leonardo and Michelangelo The Salone del Cinquecento in Palazzo Vecchio •Decorate huge council hall during the age of Signoria •Space is kind of wonky --> went up really fast --> government decided to make this place as a showcase of the great city's (Florence) victories •Leonardo given commission on the wall in 1504, Michelangelo given commission in 1505?? Copy of Leonardo's Capture of the Flag •Materials used in the Last Supper in Milan wasn't very lasting •Like using oil in painting because it allowed exploring with models?? that he liked doing •So his work for the Room of 500 did not last •This one is a copy, a part of the entire epic battle scene o Set the bar for highly complex, emotional, dramatic, expressiveness paintings o Dynamic movements of the soldiers o Probably a close reflection of what Leonardo made Rubens, capy after Leonardo's Battle of Anghiari Drawings for the Battle of Anghiari •Vision for compositions, highly complex, dynamic compositions •Power behind the figures, figure riding into the scene •He his work in studying the natural world come into play o Believed great artists need to study, observe nature •Expressive work with horses too --> compare fierceness of lion and applied to horses and humans •Comic element in old man figure soldier is the enemy, contrast with young soldier, the good guy, character types Perugino the battle of Love and Chasity •Female patron for private room o Thought there wasn't enough figures o Artist not willing to keep up with modern times, styles Copy of Michelangelo's Battle of Cascina •Soldiers hanging out in the field, hot weather, playing beside river --> leader decides to teach them a lesson and sounds the alarm, sold
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