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Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Object Permanence, Erik Erikson, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum DisorderExam


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Laura Lyn Fazakas Dehoog
Study Guide
Final

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Chapter 12
1. Some people believe that if a person has not learned a second language in childhood,
learning a second language as an adult, while possible, is a much more difficult task. This belief
would support a(n) _________ view of bilingualism.
A. sensitive period
B. critical period
C. motivational
D. innate
E. restrictive period
2. A researcher is interested in examining the development and effects of shyness. To do this,
she identifies a group of 100 shy children at age 10, and then follows them for the next 10
years, checking in periodically to gather additional information. This design is best described as
A. a cross-sectional design.
B. a longitudinal design.
C. a placebo design.
D. a sequential design.
E. a tracking design.
3. Which of the following statements regarding the sex of a child is true?
A. the sex of a child is determined by the father's genetic contribution
B. the sex of a child is determined by the mother's genetic contribution
C. the sex of a child is determined by both the mother's and the father's genetic contributions
D. the sex of a child is unrelated to the genetic contribution of either parent
E. the sex of a child can be determined by either the mother's or the father's genetic
contributions
4. Which of the below statements about newborn visual preferences is NOT true?
A. infants prefer patterned to non-patterned stimuli
B. infants prefer their mother's face (perhaps based on hairline) to a stranger's face
C. infants prefer simpler patterns to complex patterns
D. infants prefer faces to simpler patterns
E. infants prefer novel to familiar stimuli
5. According to Jean Piaget, ___________ involves the process by which new experiences
cause existing schemas to change.
A. conservation
B. sensorimotor adaptation
C. assimilation
D. accommodation
E. object permanence

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6. Which of the following would be most characteristic of a child in the concrete operational
stage if you asked him/her to draw a map specifying the route to school?
A. the child would be unable to do so
B. the child would be unable to do so, but could physically lead you to the school
C. the child would be unable to do so, but could give you verbal directions on how to get to the
school
D. the child could draw a basic map of the usual route to school
E. the child could draw a map outlining an unusual or creative way to school
7. Which of the following is most characteristic of a child born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
(FAS)?
A. intellectual deficits, heart malformations, and deafness
B. fussy temperament, low birth weight, and visual disturbances
C. low birth weight, complications during delivery, and attentional deficits later in childhood
D. small malformed brains, intellectual deficits, and impaired social skills
E. facial abnormalities, irritability, and social unresponsiveness
8. According to Lawrence Kohlberg's model of moral development, all of the following should be
true, EXCEPT
A. children make moral decisions based on punishment before they make them based on
rewards
B. children make moral decisions based on social expectations before they make them based
on rewards
C. children make moral decisions based on punishment before they make them based on social
expectations
D. children make moral decisions based on individual rights before they make them based on
abstract, ethical principles
E. both children make moral decisions based on punishment before they make them based on
rewards AND children make moral decisions based on social expectations before they make
them based on rewards
9. In his model of psychosocial development, Erik Erikson proposed that personality is
A. predetermined by innate temperaments that are apparent at birth.
B. shaped exclusively by the child's type of attachment.
C. determined by meeting a hierarchy of needs.
D. shaped by the zone of proximal development.
E. shaped by the resolution of a series of psychosocial crises.
10. Though he previously showed no problems with strangers, little Joey has become more
apprehensive around them when he is upset, and he frequently is inconsolable until his mother
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