Human Geography Midterm study questions
1. What is the difference between place and space?
-A place is a place that interconnects people to other things or, a place that has
personal meaning for people.
- space is where activity occurs , three types of space: absolute space(lines,
points, area that have fixed relationships through economic reasoning), relative
space(sites and situations, routes, regions and distribution patterns) and cognitive
space( defined and measured in terms of the nature and degree of people’s values
feelings, beliefs and perceptions about locations, districts, and regions)
2. What is the defining component of globalization? Explain.
- The defining component of globalization is the dependency theory. Countries will
continue to build political, cultural and economic relationships as long as the countries
other than the core nations need their help. Core countries force the oppressed nations
to specialize in one good for export, which benefits the core nation. It has been very
difficult for most colonialized countries to become developed.
3. Define ‘chorology’ and the importance of a ‘chorological view’ to Geography.
-The study of how and why variations occur between places, often in terms of
spatial distributions. It can be traced back to Strabo and his descriptions of
locations and fossils. Kant advocated that a chorological view described areal
differentiation but also examines the interrelationships among different regions.
The chorological view was the foundation of much regional geography in the
1940s and 1950s.
4. Explain Ratzel’s concept of Lebensraum.
- Ratzel believed that territory is necessary for national existence or economic self-
sufficiency. Without territory, it would be impossible to be incomplete control of what
affairs take place especially dealing with economic opportunities and laws.
5. What are two common elements within a ‘critical’ approach to geography?
- The first element is spatial practices: how we love and function in everyday lives.
- The second element is representational spaces(lived paces): art , music, fashion; how
landscapes and symbols structure our understanding
6. What is the North Atlantic Triangle and why is it important to the economic
development of Canada? - The North Atlantic triangle is a theoretical construct for
studying the history of Canadian foreign policy. It seeks to explain the importance of
United Kingdom–United States relations to Canada's security, and even survival, during
the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
7. Does Canada have “too much geography”? Discuss.
Canada has large amounts of land but with very little population in comparison.
Canada’s total area measures 9,984,670 square kilometres. 9% of which is water and
the rest being land.
If we have too much geography, most Canadians see very little of it in their daily lives
because most of Canada’s population lives relatively close to the U.S. border. Different
regions such as Arctic tundra up north, deciduous forests, and the prairies.
39% of canada’s land is barren or low vegetation
8. How are ‘core’ and ‘peripheral’ countries in the world system locked in
-Goods produced by the peripheral nations are vital for core nations to sustain
their economy. There is no development in the core unless there is under
development in the periphery.
9. What is a ‘staple’(good) and what did Harold Innis mean by the ‘staples trap’?
- staple= a minimally processed primary resource good ex; fish, fur, wood, grains,
- Staples dictate the social economy; everyone wants to produce that good causing the
worth to decrease, but is possible to escape the trap.
10. Is Canada a core, semi-peripheral, or peripheral nation?
Canada is a core nation. Generally, core nations are the more developed nations of the
world and the countries that contain much of the wealth of the planet. Canada is very
abundant in natural resources, which allows us to export for a large portion of our trade
and growth. We also have a large population with a strong economical and social
standard which core countries have.
11. Describe the core-periphery relationship within Canada
- Canada has many ties to periphery nations that provide cheap labour and help to
produce many of the goods people use in their everyday lives. Sometimes these
countries are definitely abused example, the factory that collapsed in Bangladesh that
manufactured clothes for Joe fresh and sears.
12. What is the difference between a formal and a vernacular region?
A vernacular region is a region inhabited by people who have one or more cultural traits
in common, for example we can see language and religion as being some traits. Using
language or customs native to a region. ("Dixie"or "Midwest"). More of a traditional
society. It is an area that is relatively homogeneous with regard to one or more cultural
traits. Formal Region - a region with a defined, predetermined boundary. A good
example might be a school district, a country, a city zoning district, a no-fly-zone,etc.
This can differ from physical environmental features to economical and political features
of that area. The difference as we can see is that one is based on a more visually
differentiating perspective (formal) as we can clearly see the difference of that region to
a vernacular region because a vernacular region becomes one through the popularity of
a cultural point of a region.
13. Describe the four principles of spatial interaction.(pg. 43 in the textbook)
- complementarity- a precondition for interdependence between places, includes
demand and supply, international division of labour, specialization and economies of
- Transferability- the costs of moving a particular item, measured in real money or time,
and the ability of the item to bear these costs.
- Intervening opportunities- determine the volume and pattern of movement and
flows, basically alternative regions or destinations
- spatial diffusion- the way in which things spread through space and time ex; disease
outbreaks, technological innovations, political movements and new musical fads
14. What is meant by the term time-space compression?
Time-Space Compression refers to any phenomenon that alters the qualities of and
time and space. Way to close the gap when trying to communicate with people who are
- New experience of time and space.
o Changing over time.
o Travel has become faster over time, for example (boat, train, airplane).
A place is a place that interconnects people to other things or, a place that has personal meaning for people. The defining component of globalization is the dependency theory. Countries will continue to build political, cultural and economic relationships as long as the countries other than the core nations need their help. Core countries force the oppressed nations to specialize in one good for export, which benefits the core nation. It has been very difficult for most colonialized countries to become developed: define chorology" and the importance of a chorological view" to geography. The study of how and why variations occur between places, often in terms of spatial distributions. It can be traced back to strabo and his descriptions of locations and fossils. Kant advocated that a chorological view described areal differentiation but also examines the interrelationships among different regions. The chorological view was the foundation of much regional geography in the. 1940s and 1950s: explain ratzel"s concept of lebensraum.