GEOG 1410 Quiz: Human Geography

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22 Nov 2015
Department
Course
Professor
Human Geography: Sept 8 (notes)
Human geography: study of the spatial organization of human activity and
people relationship with their environment
Geographers @ work: internal affairs, location of public facilities, marketing
and location of industry, geography of law, disease ecology, urban and regional
planning, economic development, security
space and place , space – abstract container of interactions, where stuff happens
place – meaning, we are attached to space
Key concepts
Place: are settings for social interaction (x, daily routines, long term well being,
process of socialization
Interdependence: individual places are tied into wider process of change that are
reflected in border geographical patterns. (ex, new york business school +NY
gains –elsewhere loss) interdependence that exists between different geographical
scales
Globalization: increasing interconnectedness of different parts of the world
through common process of economic, environmental, political and cultural
change
Scale: general concept that there are various scales or levels of analysis (local,
regional, natural, global) that they are link, and that process operating at one scale
can have significance at other
Spatial differentiation: way in which things spread through space and over time
Local vs Global: how globe trends influence local outcomes but also how events
in particular localities can come to influence patterns and trends elsewhere
(Europe doesn’t want BC paper pulp)
Space: measured in absolute, relate, and cognitive terms. ( lines, area, patterns, a
particular part in space)
Exam questions
What is the difference between place and space?
Space: measured in absolute, relate, and cognitive terms. ( lines, area, patterns, a
particular part in space)
Place: objective locations his uniqueness and interdependence with other places,
has personal meaning for that person
What is perhaps the defining component of globalization? Explain
Same opportunity to live (economic, environment, politics, cultural) One as a
whole, world economy ( increase interdepend world moving from bring one world
to many nations
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Human geography Sept 10
Herodotus – first environment less
Eratosthenes- locating space (realistic spaces) (standard measurements)
Strabo – regional geographers, description, administrator, world traveller,
collected other histones works = seas, landscape, displaying
1800 crating map (1400 same map)
Chinese discover - Fu Sang is to the Chinese what Atlantis is to the West
Friedrich ratzel
father geopolitics , establish the field of cultural geography. According to Ratzel,
cities are the best place to study people because life is "blended, compressed, and
accelerated" in cities, and they bring out the "greatest, best, most typical aspects
of people" = lebensraum: living space
Major paradigms in modern human geographic thought
Environmental determinism, regional geography, positivism (quantitative
revolution), hermeneutic, radical and critical geographies
Modelling spatial diffusion and distance decay (look at slide)
Universal law: things are more as a part, as you move they move
Hermeneutic geography: understanding how we attach meaning and process
information about location and distance (cognitive distance, mental maps)
Radical and critical geography
Marxist:The key characteristics of Marxism in philosophy are its materialism and
its commitment to political practice as the end goal of all thought. 68%
Feminist: movement 50-60s (gender) women – (struck in smaller area, not given
all the privileges)
Post-structuralist 60-70s. Post-structuralism is a response to structuralism.
Structuralism is an intellectual movement developed in Europe from the early to
mid-20th century. It argued that human culture may be understood by means of a
structure—modeled on language
Common treads: geographies are formed through powerful social relations,
geographical knowledge itself is embedded in social relations, and other
geographies are possible.
Question?
1. Chorology: the arrangement of events or dates in the order of their occurrence.
The science of arranging time in periods and ascertaining the dates and
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historical order of past events. Shows historical order and past event that can help define
Geography
2. Explain Ratzels concept of Lebensraum?
living space was an important component of Nazi ideology in Germany. The Nazis
supported territorial expansionism to gain Lebensraum as being a law of nature for all
healthy and vigorous peoples of superior races to displace people of inferior races;
especially if the people of a superior race were facing overpopulation in their given
territories.[1] The German Nazi Party claimed that Germany inevitably needed to
territorially expand because it was facing an overpopulation crisis within its Treaty of
Versailles-designed boundaries that Adolf Hitler described: "We are overpopulated and
cannot feed ourselves from our own resources".
What are the common threads within a critical approach to geography?
Lab #1: article questions
The Global campus
What is global campus to article?
Best international students
More global perspective
17/20 university are in usa
interconnectivity at school and afterwards (global network)
cooperation with business partners
Critics?
Americanized
Globalization
Accessibility
York U bid for Markham campus
Why does York region need a campus?
Less congestion
Money (increase profits)
What does the university mean for Markham?
Branch out for York
More money
High tech capital
Business opportunity (jobs)
Markham good choice? Over Vaughan, Richmond hill
More transit, recreation, amenities, urban centre
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