Textbook Notes (367,894)
Canada (161,478)
POLI 211 (29)
Chapter

Russia Identifications.docx

5 Pages
126 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 211
Professor
Fillippo Sabetti
Semester
Fall

Description
Russia Identifications Karl Marx and F. Engels • wrote the Communist Manifesto • class struggle (bourgeoisie vs. proletariat) • revolution for new and advanced from of economic organization • class society ◦ slavery (early civilization) ◦ feudalism (aristocracy and peasants) ◦ capitalism (US & England 1700s) Vladimir Lenin • founded Marxist regime, leader of the Bolsheviks • "What is to be Done" essay • revolution must be led by intellectuals ◦ working class is too easily appeased with small gains • New Economic Policy ◦ small-scale capitalism • democratic centralism "Democratic centralism" • Lenin policy • party of pro-revolutionaries must be strictly hierarchical and unified • democratic debate within the party ends once the party's Central Committee has made a decision on an issue Bolshevik Party • ultimately became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union • governed by democratic centralism • run by Lenin • means "the majority" • bare majority of people voted to prohibit part-time party membership • split of Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks Soviets • Russian word meaning council, assembly, or advice • post-Nicholas II provisional government had little authority • soviets have more power • groups of workers and workers (popular organizations) New Economic Policy (NEP) • Lenin, 1921 • freed market gains • small-scale capitalism in cities • helped trade and agriculture recover • ban on factions within party ranks • "State Capitalism" • later replaced by Five Years Plan (Stalin) Joseph Stalin • Lenin's successor • socialism in one country • Five Years Plans for rapid industrialization • collectivization. Gosplan, and gulag system • anti-national autonomy • purges Communist Party Socialism in one country • stop waiting for revolution to happen in other countries (start at home in Russia) • Stalin policy • strengthen from within • shift from Marxist idea that socialism needs to be established globally Five-Year Plans • Stalin policy to restructure the entire Soviet economy • collectivization of agriculture • planned heroism in industry ◦ centrally planned production targets for every manager and worker (Gosplan) ◦ bonuses and perks if you surpass your quota • gulag system (prison labour camps) Collectivization • Stalin's way of dealing with huge peasant population + gaining party control over food production • part of Five Years Plan • get rid of kulaks (peasants that benefit/profit from private property in agriculture) • collectivize farms and state farms ◦ peasants work for greater good of the proletariat • generates famine in a agriculture regions in USSR Gulag • prison labour camps • people put to work building canals, roads, digging coal, making monuments • played huge role in attaining industrialization target • part of Stalin's Five Years Plan Nikita Krushchev (LEFT) • Communist Party leader • wants revolutionary advance ASAP towards communism • eases censorship in media and arts • economic campaign to set records • Cuban Missile Crisis • responsible for part de-Stalinization of Soviet Union Leonid Brezhnev • resists any and all reform of Soviet institutions • tightens censorship • ignores corruption and flaws in the system • start of economic stagnation • Soviet in
More Less

Related notes for POLI 211

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit