Textbook Notes (362,796)
Canada (158,054)
POLI 227 (49)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1: Understanding Underdevelopment

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 227
Rex J Brynen

Chapter 1 Understanding Underdevelopment Approximately 150 countries make up the developing world Third World countries are the nations of Arica Asia The Middle East Latin America and the Caribbean Third World Commonalities The Nature of Underdevelopment Economic UnderdevelopmentMost salient characteristic of most developing countries is povertyLow GDPcapita unequal income distribution poor infrastructure limited use of modern technology low consumption of energyWidespread scarcity substantial unemployment substandard housing poor health conditions inadequate nutritionWhile per capita income is a useful indicator of a nations living standard it does not give us a complete picture because it fails to take into account how equitably that income is distributed rd Big disparities between living standards in the 3 world although rapid economic growth benefits city dwellers it only slightly improves rural dwellers lives which usually accounts for about 23 of each nations populations Social UnderdevelopmentCountries with higher literacy rates are more likely to attain and maintain democratic governmentIn order to modernize and develop education must be improvedHDIa composite measure of school enrollment adu
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