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Chapter 6

POLI 212 Chapter 6: Toward Consolidated Democracies (Stepan and Linz) - Reading Notes


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 212
Professor
Vincent Post
Chapter
6

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Toward Consolidated Democracies (Stepan and Linz) Reading Notes
1.Consolidated democracy: Linz and Stepan ague that afte a deoati
transition is completed, there are still many tasks that need to be accomplished,
condition that must be established, and attitudes and habits that must be
ultiated efoe deoay a e egaded as osolidated [p.15]. Throughout
this article, keep in mind the different conceptions of democracy (from minimalist
to maximalist) that were listed in lecture. How does this reading fit with that
conceptual framework?
2. Pre-condition: L&S distinguish between conditions that eed to be met for
consolidation to be possible in the first place, and elements that would be a part of
that consolidated (provided tha the first set of conditions are met). They list those
pre-conditions right away:
3. Working definition: They then go on [p.16] to define consolidated democracy on
the basis of three elements. What are those elements? Why are they so
important? Can you think of any others? How do they go beyond other
understandings of democracy?
4.Ingredients for consolidated democracy: Having defined consolidated
democracy; L&S describe a number of things that a society needs in order to make
democratic consolidated possible. There are not as much defining elements as
they are factors that make consolidated more likely. They go beyond the pre-
conditions that they start out with, that are needed for basic, liberal,
unconsolidated democracy. They list five ingredients. Which are they? Can you
think of ways in which societies (both in Europe and elsewhere) fall short,
democracy-wise?
5. State and Nation: Pay good attention to what L&S have to say about the role of
earlier topics in the lectures: the state, the national/ethnic diversity within
putative nation-states. Read this discussion carefully and revisit your notes on the
model of political development to see how these different elements (state, nation,
democracy) fit together.
6. Democracy and quality of life: Read the last section and think about how this
oets ith otios of utopia deoay hih euie etai outcomes in
addition to democratic procedure in order for a state to be classified as a
democracy.
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