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POLI 227 Chapter Notes -Trade Bloc, Liberal Democracy, Nationstates

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

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The clash of civilizations?- Samuel Huntington
-Source of conflict is primarily cultural and not economic or ideological.
Conflict between the different groups of different civilizations.
The clash of civilization will dominate global politics.
-Conflicts between kings and princes, not nations.
-Following the Russian Revolution, conflicts of nations turned into conflicts of ideologies.
(communism, fascism-nazism, liberal democracy.)
-Conflicts between princes, nation-states and ideologies were primarily conflicts within
the Western civilization.
After the Cold War, conflicts moved between Western civilizations and non-Western
The nature of civilizations
-During Cold War: First, Second and Third Worlds.
-More relevant to group countries in terms of culture and civilization rather than political
and economic systems.
-Civilization: a cultural entity. Cultural heterogeneity between villages, regions, ethnic
groups, nationalities and religions. Highest cultural grouping, defined by common
elements such as language, history, religion, customs, institutions and by subjective
self-identification of people.
-Arabs, Chinese and Westerners aren’t include in a broad cultural entity. They form a
China: “a civilization pretending to be a state.
Other civilizations include several states- Arab civilization.
-Different levels of identity.
-Civilizations overlap and can include sub-civilizations.
Why civilizations will clash
-The major civilizations that will shape global politics: Western, Confucian, Japanese,
Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American and African civilization.
1) Differences among civilizations are basic. They are differentiated by history,
language, culture, tradition and religion--> different views on every aspect of life.
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