Textbook Notes (362,734)
Canada (158,032)
Psychology (1,390)
PSYC 213 (154)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
PSYC 213
Jelena Ristic

PSYC 213Chapter 2Cognitive Neuroscience PageCognitive neuroscientists assume mind is composed of specific parts modules sections of brain each responsible for particular cognitive operations 1The Brain as the Organ of the Mind phrenology study of shape size protusions of cranium in attempt to discover relation of parts of the brain to various mental activities and abilities opromoted by Gall and Spurzheim 1brain is the sole organ of the mind 2basic character and intellectual traits are innately determined3differentially developed areas in brain responsible for differences in character and intellectual traitscapacities Gall and Spurzheim hypothesis believed more highly developed a function larger it would be larger it was more protruding it would be localization of function onetoone correspondence between specific cognitive functions and specific parts of the brain ablation parts of cortex of animal destroyed then observed Franzomental processes are due to activities of brain as a wholeFranz and Lashleyablation of frontal lobes in rats osmall holes in animals skull rather than opening up ouse histology microscopic analysis of tissue structure odetermine effect of lesion on retention of learned maze habit olocation of tissueirrelevant operformance in mazes not greatly affected by brain damage performance declined with increased difficulty of task andor amount of increased brain damage law of mass action learning and memory depend on total mass of brain tissue remaining rather than properties of individual cells law of equipotentiality some areas of the cortex may becomes specialized for certain tasks but within limits any part of an area can do the job of any other part of tat area The Relation between Mind and Brain consciousness vs mindoconsciousness what we are aware of at any ppint in time omind includes consciousness and processes that may take place outside of awareness interactionism Descartes mind and brain are separate substances that interact with and influence each otheroDescartes predicted at pineal gland was where this interaction took place epiphenomenalism mind is superfluous byproduct of brain processes and has no causal role in determining behavior owouldnt discover much about brain by examining minds processesparallelism mind and brain are two aspects of same reality and flow in parallel ofor all events in the mind corresponding events in the brain isomorphism mental events and neural events share same structurepatternoGestalt psychologyconsciousness organized not into one event after another but a coherent wholeopsychological facts and underlying events in brain resemble each other in all structural characteristics oeg necker cubeas cortical representation changes ones perception also changes Methods in Cognitive Neuroscience Animal Modelsexperiments that track response of single units as animal required to change focus of attentionshow how attention may gate or enhance the processing of some visual stimuli controlled lesionsspecifies relationship between different brain regions
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 213

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.