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LAW 529 (123)
Chapter 8

CHAPTER 8.docx

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Department
Law and Business
Course Code
LAW 529
Professor
Peter Wilson

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Chapter 8 ▯ Workplace Safety and Insurance Act (Compensation, Rehabilitation) • Regardless of who was at fault • In exchange for a no­fault system, workers have given up their right to sue  employers for work­related injuries or disease. • Emphasizes preventing injuries and reducing their effects.  Key Features of the WSIA 1. Funded entirely by employers 2. Against the law for workers to contribute to WSIA premiums 3. Workers cannot waive their benefits  4. Employers with 20 or more employees are obliged to re­employ injured workers  who have at least one year’s service, whenever possible.  Worker Coverage • Not Covered: Financial institutions, recreational and social clubs, broadcasting,  trade unions, law firms, barber shops, educational institutions, vets, dental offices.  WSIA Benefits 1. Willful Misconduct a. Suffers an injury or disability that rises out of and in the course of his or  her employment.  b. Does not cover an injury that is solely a consequence of the serious and  willful misconduct of the worker, unless it results in death or serious  impairment. S.17 c. S.17 applies only to workers who are injured as a result of intentionally  breached a well­known rule.  2. Arising Out of and in the Course of His or Her Employment a. Benefits are paid as long as a worker is performing work­related duties  anywhere on the employer’s premises during her work hours.  b. Reasonably incidental to the job c. Rebuttable Presumption: that accidents sustained during employment  arise out of and in the course of employment (s.13,2) d. It is not sufficient for an employer to present a theory of non­employment  relatedness as ONE of a NUMBER of possible theories of causation.  e. A worker who experiences a secondary injury that is casually linked to a  work­related injury may receive benefits for a secondary injury. f. A second accident that is not work­related but that aggravates a  compensable injury may be compensable.  3. Disability Claims a. Where the onset of an injury is gradual ­ The onus is on the WORKER to  show that a relationship between the disability and the work.  b. It is not necessary that the work be the primary or dominant cause of the  injury.  4. Occupational Diseases a. Disability benefits may be available to a worker who is not physically  disables but who must remain off work to avoid exposure to a hazardous  substance or to avoid infecting others 5. Mental Stress and Chronic Pain a. S. 13(5) an employees claim for mental stress can succeed only if it is “an  acute reaction to a sudden and unexpected traumatic event arising out of  and in the course of his or her employment.” b. NOT entitled to benefits for decision or actions relating to the worker’s  employment, including a decision to CHANGE THE WORK or  WORKING CONDITION or to DISCIPLINE or TERMINATE.  c. Benefits for chronic pain usually paid where pain was ini
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