Textbook Notes (381,291)
CA (168,463)
UTSC (19,325)
Psychology (10,054)
PSYB32H3 (1,181)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

1 Page
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB32H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis

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Chapter 1: Introduction: Definitional and historical Considerations, and Canadas Mental Health
System
Psychopathology: the field concerned with the nature and development of abnormal behaviour, thoughts, and
feelings.
What is Abnormal Behaviour?
Abnormal behaviour: characteristics as statistical infrequency, violation of norms, personal distress,
disability or dysfunction and unexpectedness
Abnormal behaviour is infrequent
Normal curve (bell-shaped curve) places majority of people in middle as far as any particular
characteristic is concerned, very few fall at either extreme
Assertion that person is normal implies that he or she does not deviate much from the average in a
particular trait or behaviour pattern
Another characteristic to consider is whether behaviour violates social norms or threatens or makes
anxious those observing it
Anti-social behaviour of psychopath fits the definition, as do obsessive-compulsive persons complex
rituals and psychotic patients conversation with imaginary voices
Cultural diversity can affect how people view social norms
Personal suffering is another characteristic, behaviour is abnormal if it creates great distress and
torment in the person experiencing it
Disability- impairment in some important area of life because of an abnormality- can also be a
component of abnormal behaviour
Distress and disability are considered abnormal when they are unexpected responses to environmental
stressors
History of Psychopathology
Demonology: the doctrine that an evil being, such as devil, may dwell within a person and control his
or her mind and body
Belief that abnormal behaviour caused by possession, treatment often involved exorcism: casting out
of evil spirits by ritualistic chanting or torture
Typically took the form of elaborate rites of prayer, noisemaking, forcing the afflicted to drink
terrible- tasting brews, and on occasion more extreme measures, such as flogging and starvation
Trepanning of skulls by Stone Age or Neolithic cave dwellers quite widespread
Popular theory is that it was way of treating conditions such as epilepsy, headaches, psychological
disorders attributed to demons within cranium
Trepanning presumably introduced into the Americas from Siberia
Most common in Peru and Bolivia
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Description
Chapter 1: Introduction: Definitional and historical Considerations, and Canadas Mental Health System Psychopathology: the field concerned with the nature and development of abnormal behaviour, thoughts, and feelings. What is Abnormal Behaviour? Abnormal behaviour: characteristics as statistical infrequency, violation of norms, personal distress, disability or dysfunction and unexpectedness Abnormal behaviour is infrequent Normal curve (bell-shaped curve) places majority of people in middle as far as any particular characteristic is concerned, very few fall at either extreme Assertion that person is normal implies that he or she does not deviate much from the average in a particular trait or behaviour pattern Another characteristic to consider is whether behaviour violates social norms or threatens or makes anxious those observing it Anti-social behaviour of psychopath fits the definition, as do obsessive-compulsive persons complex rituals and psychotic patients conversation with imaginary voices Cultural diversity can affect how people view social norms Personal suffering is another characteristic, behaviour is abnormal if it creates great distress and torment
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