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Chapter 25

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 25 Book Notes

5 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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CHAPTER 25: COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR MODIFICATION
Some target behaviours may be covert, that is not observable by another individual
Defining Cognitive Behaviour
Since cognitive behaviour are covert, they cannot be observed directly and recorded by an independent
observer
The person engaging in the cognitive behaviour must identify and record the occurrence of the behaviour
Cognitive behaviour are verbal or imagined responses made by the person that are covert
A label for the cognitive behaviour is not a behavioural definition. To say that the person has low self-
esteem does not define the cognitive behaviour
Example of a behaviour definition When the client sees people talking, he thinks, “Theyre talk
about me”. When the client sees someone walking behind him he thinks, “That person is following me”.
Behavioural excess: an undesirable cognitive behaviour the person seeks to decrease, such as suicidal
thoughts
Behavioural deficit: a desirable cognitive behaviour the person would seek to increase, such as self-
confidence
Functions of Cognitive Behaviour
Cognitive behaviour can be distressing to the person
Can function as a conditioned stimulus (CS) that elicits an unpleasant conditioned response (CR)
Can function as discriminative stimulus for desirable behaviours, such as self-instructions
Can function as establishing operations that influence the power of consequences to function as
reinforcers or punishers
Can function as reinforcing or punishing consequences when the follow some other behaviour
Cognitive Behaviour Modification Procedures
Cognitive restructuring: are designed to replace specific maladaptive cognitive behaviours with more
adaptive ones
Can be used with behavioural excesses
www.notesolution.com
Cognitive coping skills training: are designed to teach new cognitive behaviours that are used to
promote desirable behaviours
Can be used with behavioural deficits
Thought: refers to a cognitive behaviour, such as thinking, making self-statements, or talking to oneself
at the covert level (self-talk)
Cognitive Restructuring
The therapist helps the client identify cognitive behaviours that are distressing, and then helps them get rid these
thoughts or replace them with more desirable thoughts
Cognitive restructuring consists of three steps:
1. Help the client identify distressing thoughts, and the situations in which they occur
2. Help the client identify the emotional response, unpleasant mood, or problem behaviour following the
distressing thought
This way, the client can see how the distressing thought is an antecedent to the unpleasant emotional
response, mood, or problem behaviour
3. Help the client stop thinking the distressing thoughts, by helping the client think more rational or
desirable thoughts
Not easy to change ones pattern of thinking
Therapists challenge the clients distressing thoughts by asking questions that make the client analyze
the logical of the thoughts, or by interpreting the situation differently
Example – “How do you know that your friends dont really like you?
Therapists’ questions challenge clients to think more rationally and to dismiss the thoughts that are
not accurate
Various cognitive restructuring techniques are rational-emotive, systematic rational restructuring, and cognitive
therapy
Cognitive therapy: therapy for depression based on the work of Beck
Helps the client change their behaviour, including distorted thoughts or self-talk
First step is getting the client to engage in more reinforcing activities
www.notesolution.com

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Description
CHAPTER 25: COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR MODIFICATION Some target behaviours may be covert, that is not observable by another individual Defining Cognitive Behaviour Since cognitive behaviour are covert, they cannot be observed directly and recorded by an independent observer The person engaging in the cognitive behaviour must identify and record the occurrence of the behaviour Cognitive behaviour are verbal or imagined responses made by the person that are covert A label for the cognitive behaviour is not a behavioural definition. To say that the person has low self- esteem does not define the cognitive behaviour Example of a behaviour definition When the client sees people talking, he thinks, Theyre talk about me. When the client sees someone walking behind him he thinks, That person is following me. Behavioural excess: an undesirable cognitive behaviour the person seeks to decrease, such as suicidal thoughts Behavioural deficit: a desirable cognitive behaviour the person would seek to increase, such as self- confidence Functions of Cognitive Behaviour Cognitive behaviour can be distressing to the person Can function as a conditioned stimulus (CS) that elicits an unpleasant conditioned response (CR) Can function as discriminative stimulus for desirable behaviours, such as self-instructions Can function as establishing operations that influence the power of consequences to function as reinforcers or punishers Can function as reinforcing or punishing consequences when the follow some other behaviour Cognitive Behaviour Modification Procedures Cognitive restructuring: are designed to replace specific maladaptive cognitive behaviours with more adaptive ones Can be used with behavioural excesses www.notesolution.com
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