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PSYB45H3 (1,085)
Chapter 19

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 19 Book Notes

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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Chapter 19 – Promoting Generalization
Generalization: increases the chances that the behaviour change will occur in all relevant
situations in ones life
oOccurrence of the behaviour in the presence of stimuli that are similar in some way
to the discriminative stimulus
oTraining is not successful until the behaviour generalizes to other situations
Strategies for Promoting Generalization
Reinforce the behaviour when it occurs outside the training situation in the presence of
relevant stimuli
oThis way, all relevant stimuli develop stimulus control over the behaviour
oCon = not always possible to provide reinforcement for the behaviour outside the
training situation
Train skills that will result in natural contingencies of reinforcement in relevant
situation
oEx – Problem behaviours were reduced when students learned to ask for attention,
assistance, or food items using assistive communication devices
Generalization occurred when they continued to use the communication
responses in community settings
Adults responded to their responded by proving what the students were asking for
(natural reinforcement)
Modifying the contingencies of reinforcement in relevant situation
oUsed when the trainer is not able to reinforcer occurrences & no existing natural
contingencies exist
oEx – Naomi exhibited aggressive + disruptive behaviour when the older girls
provoked her
Her counsellor taught her skills to respond calmly
She learned in role-plays how to say to herself, “ignore them
To promote generalization, the counsellor met with the staff who worked with
Naomi & instructed them to praise her + give her a token every time she walked
away
Eliminate any punishment contingency that would suppress the desirable behaviour
outside the training situation
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Description
Chapter 19 Promoting Generalization Generalization: increases the chances that the behaviour change will occur in all relevant situations in ones life o Occurrence of the behaviour in the presence of stimuli that are similar in some way to the discriminative stimulus o Training is not successful until the behaviour generalizes to other situations Strategies for Promoting Generalization Reinforce the behaviour when it occurs outside the training situation in the presence of relevant stimuli o This way, all relevant stimuli develop stimulus control over the behaviour o Con = not always possible to provide reinforcement for the behaviour outside the training situation Train skills that will result in natural contingencies of reinforcement in relevant situation o Ex Problem behaviours were reduced when students learned to ask for attention, assistance, or food items using assistive communication devices Generalization occu
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